Infertility is commonly defined as the inability of a woman (or men) to conceive. It is commonly caused by problems with ovulation.  

Women who are older than 35 that are trying to conceive for more than a year but failed should immediately consider seeking professional help for proper diagnosis. However, there are several other symptoms to look out for if suspecting infertility in women: 

  • If you have an irregular or absentee period 
  • If you have painful periods 
  • Previously diagnosed with endometriosis, PCOS, or ovarian cyst 
  • Had multiple miscarriages 
  • Exposure to radiation therapy or cancer treatments 
  • Thyroid diseases 

Men also suffer from infertility and could be experiencing symptoms like: 

  • Enlarged scrotum 
  • Injury to the testicles 
  • Problems with sexual function 
  • Recurrent respiratory infections 
  • Low sperm count 

Infertility is diagnosed differently in women and men. Women undergo certain procedures for a proper diagnosis like a pelvic exam, blood test, and transvaginal ultrasound, to name a few. On the other side, men are diagnosed thru semen analysis, blood tests, and scrotal ultrasounds.  

Treatments for infertility are also different for men and women. In men, infertility is treated with surgery to correct the blockage in the tubes that carry the sperm, antibiotics to treat infection or medication to treat ejaculation problems, and hormonal treatments. Women are given fertility drugs to help them ovulate or through surgery to remove the tissue that is blocking fertility or to open the blocked fallopian tubes. 

There are several steps to take to prevent infertility especially if couples are trying to conceive. 

  • Eat a well-balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight
  • Don’t overuse drugs and alcohol 
  • Quit smoking 
  • Exercise moderately 

Couples trying to conceive should have regular intercourse during ovulation for a higher chance of pregnancy. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, mostly between menstrual periods. So, it is advisable to have regular intercourse several times around the time of ovulation. 

Infertility could strain relationships between partners. It can affect emotional health and treatments can be costly. Seeking help from reliable healthcare providers is beneficiary to both partners as they provide support throughout the treatment.  

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