Dermatology is a branch of science that studies the skin, nails, and hair, as well as their treatment in the event of various complications. Dermatologists should emphasize the analysis of various surgical procedures, the effect of a person’s lifestyle on the skin, and the relationship between the skin condition and other diseases. One of the popular skin diseases they treat is Psoriasis.  

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that manifests as red, itchy, scaly patches on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp. Psoriasis is a common, long-lasting (chronic) skin condition that has no cure. It frequently flares for a few weeks or months before subsiding or going into remission. There are treatments available to assist you in managing your symptoms. 

Symptoms 

  • Psoriasis plaque 
  • Psoriasis guttate 
  • Psoriasis of the scalp
  • Psoriasis inversa 
  • Psoriasis of the nails 
  • Psoriasis pustular 
  • Psoriasis erythrodermic 

The signs and symptoms of psoriasis vary from person to person. The following are common signs and symptoms: 

  • Red patches of skin covered in thick, silvery scales
  • Small scaling spots (common in children)
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed or itch 
  • Itching, burning, or soreness

Psoriasis patches can range in size from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to widespread eruptions. The lower back, elbows, knees, legs, soles of the feet, scalp, face, and palms are the most frequently affected areas. 

The majority of forms of psoriasis have cycles, with flares lasting a few weeks or months and then subsiding or even going into remission. 

Psoriasis is classified into several types, including the following: 

  • Plaque psoriasis is the most common type, characterized by dry, raised, red skin patches (lesions) covered in silvery scales. Plaques may be itchy or tender and may be few or numerous. They are most frequently found on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp.
  • Psoriasis of the nails can cause pitting, abnormal nail growth, and discoloration of the fingernails and toenails. Psoriatic nails may become dislodged and detached from the nail bed (onycholysis). In severe cases, the nail may crumble.
  • Psoriasis guttate is a type that is most prevalent in adolescents and children. Generally, it is brought on by a bacterial infection such as strep throat. On the trunk, arms, or legs, it manifests as small, drop-shaped, scaling lesions.
  • Psoriasis inversa primarily affects the groin, buttocks, and breast skin folds. Smooth patches of red skin develop as a result of inverse psoriasis, which worsens with friction and sweating. This type of psoriasis may be triggered by fungal infections.
  • Psoriasis pustular. This uncommon form of psoriasis manifests as well-defined pus-filled lesions that may appear in large patches (generalized pustular psoriasis) or in smaller areas on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet.
  • Psoriasis erythrodermica. The least common form of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis can affect the entire body, causing a red, peeling rash that may itch or burn intensely.
  • . Psoriatic arthritis results in the swollen, painful joints associated with arthritis. Joint symptoms are frequently the first or only symptom or sign of psoriasis. And occasionally, only minor changes to the nails are observed. Psoriatic arthritis symptoms range from mild to severe, and it can affect any joint. It can result in stiffness and progressive joint damage, which, in severe cases, can result in permanent joint damage.

When to consult a physician? 

If you suspect that you may have psoriasis, see your doctor. Additionally, consult your physician if you have the following symptoms of psoriasis: 

  • It becomes severe or widespread 
  • It causes discomfort and pain
  • It makes you self-conscious about the appearance of your skin 
  • It results in joint problems, such as pain, swelling, or an inability to perform daily tasks
  • Does not improve as a result of treatment

The following duties and responsibilities of the dermatologist are the following:  

  • Conduct an analysis of the results of diagnostic skin tests. 
  • Provide treatments based on the results of tests. 
  • Make treatment recommendations 
  • Inform about various treatment options and solutions. 
  • Suggestions and best practices for skin health 
  • Make appropriate product recommendations 
  • Assess patients prior to undergoing major surgical or other medical procedures. 
  • Refer patients to specialists as necessary 
  • Maintain and track patients’ records on a regular basis. 
  • Utilize an EMR system 
  • Adhere to all applicable laws and regulations 

Dermatologists diagnose and treat a variety of conditions. Additionally, they aid in the enhancement of their patients’ skin, hair, and nails. They aid in the reduction of signs of aging, the appearance of scars, the treatment of acne, and the diagnosis and removal of skin cancer. Dermatologists perform consultations with patients and evaluations of their skin conditions in order to provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment. They conduct follow-up exams on patients until they are cured. Additionally, they must ascertain how the treatment affected the patient and consider alternative treatments if the patient does not respond to the treatment. Dermatologists conduct surgeries to assist individuals in achieving their desired appearance. There are certain dermatologists who also specialize in skin cancer removal and offer these skin cancer surgeries to assist patients in overcoming cancer. In addition, numerous dermatologists also train and assist other dermatologists in their training. They contribute to dermatologists’ continuing education by bringing others up to the proper standards. 

Their primary responsibility is to evaluate the patients they treat. This entails conducting skin evaluations in order to rule out any potential medical or skin conditions. Additionally, these evaluations are used to determine a patient’s eligibility for cosmetic procedures. As previously stated, cosmetic procedures are some of the most frequently performed procedures by a dermatologist when it comes to a patient’s skin.  

Doral health and its experts offer comprehensive medical care under one roof, including dialysis, multispecialty medical services, infusion, social adult day care, pharmaceutical services, ambulatory surgery, urgent medical care, and prevention and wellness programs. Additionally, we are committed to prevention and patient education in order to help our community address critical health issues such as skin diseases, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke, and disease complications.