Accurate diagnoses and treatment can reduce the risk of complications. 

  • Changes in the heart due to old age 
  • A high level of hypertension 
  • Atrial fibrillation and heart valve disease 
  • Inability to breathe or faint 

 

In order to better comprehend the causes of aortic valve illness, it may be necessary to grasp how the heart valve function. 

The heart has four valves to make sure blood flows in the right direction at all times. It’s possible to have more than one type of valve in your heart. 

Blood supply of the Heart 

During each heartbeat, the flaps of a valve open and close (cusps or leaflets). Valves can be dangerous when they don’t open or close properly. For example, the heart’s pumping capacity may be impaired if this occurs. 

Patients with aortic valve disease have a problem with the valve that joins the lower left chamber of the heart (the left ventricle) to the primary artery of the body (the aorta). Blood might flow backward due to stenosis or a malfunctioning valve. 

Risk Factors  

  • Ageing process, the aortic valve can stiffen and narrow as we age due to calcium deposits that accumulate on it. 
  • Abnormalities of the heart valves at birth (congenital heart defects). A person’s risk of developing aortic regurgitation increases if they have an excess, missing, or fused valve flap (cusp). 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis in the early stages (RA). This complication of strep throat can lead to aortic stenosis, a valve condition. Rheumatic heart disease is an infection of the heart valves brought on by a rheumatic fever. Nonrheumatic heart disease is another name for this ailment (NRHD). 
  • Coronary artery and valve inflammation may be caused by cardiovascular disease (endocarditis). This potentially fatal condition is almost always brought on by an infection. There is a chance of aortic valve damage. 
  • There must be a history of chest radiation therapy. Certain cancers can be treated with radiation treatment. The signs of heart valve damage may go unnoticed for several years following radiation therapy. 

In addition to additional health issues Connective tissue illnesses may increase the risk of aortic stenosis and regurgitation in patients with these symptoms. 

Complications 

Dysfunction of the aortic valve can lead to several complications, including blood clots and stroke as well as heart failure and even abrupt cardiac arrest. 

Accurate diagnoses and treatment can reduce the risk of complications. 

The Doral Health & Wellness Multispecialty & Primary Care Practice can be found in the neighborhood of Brownsville in the borough of Brooklyn, New York. 

Board-certified cardiologists at Doral Health & Wellness in the Brownsville district of Brooklyn, New York City, are available to assist you if you suffer from a condition affecting your heart or blood vessels or are at risk for developing such a condition. They provide excellent cardiology treatments to help lessen the likelihood of you experiencing major health issues. You can get additional information by calling the office, or you can arrange an appointment online right away. Please call us at 347-868-1012.