Foot deformities come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. All of these may be present at birth, while others may develop later in life. 

Treatment may be necessary for some foot conditions, depending on the severity of the deformity. Surgery may be necessary to correct a slightly deformed foot, but more severe foot deformity may require special bracing and orthotics. 

Common Malformations 

Orthopedic doctors can advise you on the best way to fix a misaligned foot if you’re worried about it.  

The following are some of the most common foot deformities: 

  • Bunions 

One of the most painful foot deformities is the bunion. They are more common in women and can be caused by wearing shoes that don’t fit properly, putting an excessive amount of pressure on the foot. When this happens, the big toe’s bones move out of place, causing swelling and irritation. 

A hard, bony lump forms at the base of the big toe in a bunion. One of the toes begins to point toward the other toes. The feet become inflamed on the side or bottom (which is often worse when walking and wearing shoes). 

If the condition is severe, treatment options may differ. Depending on the severity of your condition, an orthopedist may recommend inserts (orthotics) or even surgery. 

  • Claw Toe, Hammer Toe, and Mallet Toe 

This condition, which typically affects the second toe (the one immediately following the big toe), results in a “hammer”-shaped joint where the middle joint points up. Claw toe is a similar condition, and it is most common in women over the age of 50. The toes form a claw-like shape as they bend downward. 

If you have mallet toe, it can affect any toe on your foot and cause a downward bend in the joint closest to the toenail. Hammertoe and mallet toe are most commonly caused by wearing shoes that are too tight or that don’t fit properly. 

  • Pes Planus (Flat Feet) 

In most cases, we are born with flat feet, but as we grow older, our bones and joints begin to round out. It is possible to have flexible flat feet, in which arches of the feet disappear while standing but reappear while sitting. Flatfoot is a common childhood condition, but it usually goes away on its own, and most children don’t experience any symptoms. 

It can be excruciatingly painful if you have flat feet. Surgery may be recommended if orthotics and arch supports fail to alleviate your pain. 

 

Pes Cavus (Arches with High Height) 

The sole of the foot is defined as having a high arch if it appears raised or hollow when bearing weight. An underlying neurological, orthopedic, or neuromuscular condition may be to blame for these symptoms. 

It’s not as common as flatfoot, but the compression of the metatarsal bones can cause pain and lead to limited function, making it difficult to walk. Surgery may be necessary if the symptoms are so severe that physical therapy is ineffective. 

 

Doral Health experts are specialized in podiatry cases 

The podiatrist experts at Doral Health and Wellness can help if you are suffering from foot pain or reduced function as a result of a foot deformity. When you experience foot pain, you should seek medical attention right away to prevent the problem from getting worse. 

The board-certified podiatrists at Doral Health & Wellness are here to help you if you suffer from foot pain, ankle injuries, or diseases of the joints. Podiatry care is available at their state-of-the-art facility in Brooklyn’s Brownsville neighborhood, New York.  

If you have any questions or would like to set up an appointment, please call us at 718- 367- 2555. We’re excited to get you back on track with our assistance.