Sunburn is the damage in the outermost layers of the skin due to too much sun exposure. It causes redness, inflammation and in severe cases, blistering and peeling. Although there are also cases that a person develops a sunburn after minimal sun exposure. If this happens, that person is considered sensitive to sunlight or photosensitive.
When sunburnt, your skin feels like burning especially if you did not get proper protection while under the sun.
To help heal and soothe stinging skin, it is best to treat the sunburn immediately. Here are some of the tips that you could do at home to help treat sunburn.
- Take pain reliever – For pain relief and management, you can take over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen of naproxen sodium. Some pain relievers also come in gel form that you can apply to your skin.
- Apply moisturizer, lotion, or gel – an aloe vera, in gel or lotion form, or a calamine lotion can help soothe a sunburnt skin
- Drink water – drinking water frequently while under the sun is beneficial to help prevent dehydration
- Cool the skin – apply a clean towel dampened with cool water to the affected skin.
- If your skin blisters, allow the blisters to heal – Blistering means you had too much sun exposure or have a second-degree sunburn. Do not pop blisters as blisters helps your skin to heal and a protection from skin infection.
- Treat peeling skin gently – while your skin is peeling, always remember to keep your skin moisturized.
- Take antihistamine – this helps the itching that comes with the peeling of the skin.
- Protect sunburnt skin – while the skin is healing, it is best to stay out of the sun.
- Avoid applying “-caine” products, – Some cream can irritate the skin or causes allergic reaction. “benzocaine” has been linked to a rare but potentially deadly condition that decreases the mount of oxygen that the blood can carry.
In severe cases of sunburnt, you can:
- Call 911 – if the sunburnt person is already unresponsive and/or has seizure, visual change, or any neurologic symptoms as they could be suffering from a more serious heat illness.
- Call a doctor – if the burn has blisters and the skin looks white or feels numb. As they are a symptom of severe sunburn.
Most sunburns basically heal on their own. However, please be mindful in following these home remedies as we do not want to add more damage to our sunburnt skin. To prevent an infection, never put anything on blisters or open wound.