Bariatric Surgery – Different types of bariatric procedures

Bariatric Surgery is a weight loss correction procedure. But the word ‘surgery’ is enough to cloud your mind with questions, doubts, and worries. Let us help ease your fears.

What is the basic principle behind Bariatric Surgery? 

Bariatric surgery works on one/both of these principles: 

  • Malabsorptive surgery- This type of surgery affects the way your food is processed in your gut. A part of your intestine is removed or bypassed to make it difficult to absorb food.  
  • Restrictive surgery- It works by reducing the size of your stomach, so you fill up sooner and you eat less.  

 

Here’s a description of the different bariatric surgeries done at our Bariatrics Center. 

  1. Gastric Banding 

Principle: Restrictive weight loss surgery 

Procedure: An inflatable band is inserted to divide your stomach into 2 parts connected by a small opening. So, as your stomach becomes smaller you feel fuller after smaller portions, and you eat less. 

Positives:  

  • Simple (minimal risk),  
  • safe (low complications) 
  •  non-invasive- doesn’t remove any part of your gut 

Negatives: 

  • Lower success rate (weight loss is minimal) 
  • Not effective in treating metabolic disorders like type 2 Diabetes 

 

2. Sleeve Gastrectomy 

Principle: Restrictive weight loss surgery 

Procedure: This laparoscopic procedure involves removing 75-80% of your stomach leaving a small ‘tube’ or ‘sleeve’-shaped stomach that connects to your intestines. Since only about 1/5 th of your stomach remains-you feel less hungry, eat less, and lose weight. 

Positives:  

  • Safe and simple  
  • effective in reducing weight rapidly 
  • helpful in metabolic disease resolution 

Negatives: 

  • Cannot be reversed 
  • May worsen acid reflux 

 

3. Gastric Bypass Surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass) 

*Roux-En -Y is French for ‘in the shape of Y.’ 

Principle: Restrictive & Malabsorptive surgery 

Procedure: The surgeon divides your stomach into 2 parts and connects the upper section of your stomach to a lower portion of the small intestine thereby ‘bypassing’ a segment of your gut. It has double benefits- a smaller stomach means you eat less, bypassing a section of your gut means you absorb less–so you lose more weight and that too rapidly! 

Positives: 

  • Long-lasting effects 
  • Rapid weight loss 
  • Effective in resolving associated metabolic issues (diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, high cholesterol) 

Negatives: 

  • Non-reversible 
  • Requires more time to recover from surgery 
  • May lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the long run 
  • May lead to ‘Dumping Syndrome’ 

 

All these procedures are wonderful options for long-term weight loss and for improving obesity-related illnesses! We have a team of doctors and support staff (surgeon, dietitian, psychologist, nurse, physiotherapist, and obesity medicine specialist) who will walk with you every step of the way on your weight-loss journey.  
 

START YOUR WEIGHT LOSS JOURNEY AT OUR CENTER TODAY    

  

To schedule a consultation with Doral Health & Wellness call our offices on 718-DORAL-55 or contact us online.