Causes of Infertility

Causes of Infertility

Infertility is when you try to get pregnant, having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year without success. Some people can get pregnant quickly, but sadly for others, it can take longer. 

For more information about treatment for infertility, you can talk to the best GYN in Brownsville at Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center. 

If you are older than 35, and you and your partner are trying to conceive for more than a year but failed, you should immediately consider seeking professional help for a proper diagnosis. However, there are several other symptoms to look out for if you are suspecting infertility: 

  • If you have an irregular or absentee period 
  • If you have painful periods 
  • Previously diagnosed with endometriosis, PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), or ovarian cyst 
  • Had multiple miscarriages 
  • Exposure to radiation therapy or cancer treatments 
  • Thyroid diseases 

If you are trying to get pregnant, the human reproduction process has to happen correctly. But there are a lot of factors that can contribute to the disruption of these processes. And these factors are also the cause of infertility. 

Ovulation disorders 

This is the most common cause of infertility. Ovulation disorder is also caused by problems in regulating your hormones, or by problems in your ovary. 

  • PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) – PCOS is usually the cause of hormonal imbalance, which affects ovulation. This is often associated with insulin resistance and obesity. 
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – this condition is also known as premature ovarian failure caused by an autoimmune response or by premature loss of eggs from your ovary. Your ovary no longer produces eggs and when this happens, your estrogen production also lowers especially if you are under 40. 
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction – this is a problem with your hypothalamus that helps control the pituitary gland, this can also lead to absent or delayed puberty. 
  • Too much prolactin – the pituitary gland can cause extra production of prolactin, which then reduces the production of estrogen and causes infertility.  


This is a condition that affects your uterus. This happens when the tissue lining of your uterus called endometrial tissue, grows in other places outside the uterus like the ovaries, pelvic area, or the bowel. During the menstrual cycle, the hormones cause the endometrium to change. Estrogen causes the endometrium to thicken to nourish the embryo during conception. If there is no pregnancy, estrogen is produced in smaller amounts, and more progesterone is made. This then causes the endometrial lining to shed and cause menstrual flow. Fertility problems could also arise along with this condition. 

Uterine or cervical causes 

There are several issues in your uterine or cervix that can cause interference with the egg implanting or increase the risk of miscarriage: 

  • Benign polyps or tumors, such as fibroids or myomas 
  • Uterus problems present from birth, such as an unusually shaped uterus 
  • Cervical stenosis  

Tubal infertility, or damage to the fallopian tubes 

Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes prevent the sperm from getting to the egg. What causes fallopian damage or blockage can include: 

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease 
  • Previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis 

Unexplained infertility 

There are instances the causes of infertility are never found. The cause of infertility can be caused by a combination of several factors in both partners. This could be frustrating, but the problem can correct itself in time.  

If you have been trying to get pregnant within a reasonable period of time with no success, you can seek help from your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment for infertility. Have yourself and your partner checked. At Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center, we have the best GYN doctor in East New York, and we provide women with quality healthcare services. To schedule an appointment, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212, or call us at 1-347-384-5690 or 1-347-955-3465. You can also visit our website to book an appointment online at or contact us at if you have any queries. 

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