Cutting-Edge STI Treatment Options: What You Need to Know

Did you know that many common STDs (Sexually Transmitted Disease) can be successfully treated with prescription drugs? Using medications, chlamydia and gonorrhea can be healed. Penicillin injections are used in the preliminary stages of syphilis treatment. Medication for herpes can help control outbreaks and reduce the risk of transmission. Antiretroviral therapy, which suppresses the virus, is a treatment for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Treatments are available for even incurable STDs, such as HPV, to eradicate the virus’s precancerous cells. Learn more about STI treatment options in this article. Log on to www.doralhw.org for a consultation.

Common std and their treatment

Most std are treatable and if you take treatment on time. Here are the common STDs and their treatment, including:

  1. Chlamydia:

It is a bacterial infection that affects the genitals, anus, urethra, eyes, and throat. This is the most common bacterial STI in the U.S. Chlamydia is also the most common bacterial STI in the U.S.

Treatment

Mostly it can be easily cured with antibiotics in 95% of people. Here are the most common chlamydia medications option, including:

  • Azithromycin
  • Doxycycline monohydrate
  • Levofloxacin

After you start medication, you need to get tested again in 3 months to make sure your infection has gone away. Make sure your sexual partner also gets tested and treated if he/she gets diagnosed with the infection.

  •  Gonorrhea:

It is another common STI that is caused by bacteria. Similar to chlamydia, it can affect your genitals, anus, urethra, eyes, and throat. Most people don’t develop any symptoms, but some people experience pain during peeing, itching, and discharge from the urethra.

Treatment

It can be cured with antibiotics. However, its treatment can be difficult in some places around the world. Some people develop antibiotic resistance which makes it hard to treat. Usually, ceftriaxone is given to gonorrhea patients in the form of an injection. Only 1 shot is enough to cure gonorrhea.

You may need to get tested again in 3 months to check whether your infection has cleared up or not. Avoid sexual intercourse with your partner until you get cured and also make sure he/she gets tested too and gets treated if found infected.

  • Herpes:

It is a viral infection that is caused by 2 types of viruses – HSV-1 and HSV-2. These viruses can cause blisters and sores in your mouth and genitals. Most people don’t experience any symptoms, but some people experience symptoms from time to time as small blisters appearing in the month. Genital herpes causes flu-like symptoms during an outbreak.

Treatment

There’s no cure for herpes but treatment allows you to manage its symptoms during an outbreak. Most people are not even aware of herpes until they experience several outbreaks. If you have outbreaks, then the first one is the worst and later on gets milder over time. Luckily, it doesn’t lead to any other health problems. That’s why people don’t always need medication if they don’t have any symptoms.

However, the most common treatment option for herpes is medication including:

  • Acyclovir
  • Valacyclovir
  • Famciclovir

Taking medication can also protect your sexual partner from getting herpes. Some people take treatment when they have outbreaks and others take medication to stop outbreaks from happening.

If you have herpes, then make sure you talk with your partner about herpes and treatment options. Take medications or use condoms or other barriers during sex to reduce the risk of your partner getting herpes. It’s a good step if you avoid sexual activities during an active outbreak.

  • HIV and AIDS:

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a viral infection that attacks your immune system. If not treated early, it can change into a more severe form called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which can destroy your immune system and make you vulnerable to any infectable disease.

This viral infection spreads from having sex or sharing needles and syringes. When you get infected, in the first month you may experience flu-like symptoms. These symptoms are not severe, and you feel healthy. However, HIV can continue to damage your immune system and destroy your white blood cells. And in the end, when your immune system loses the battle, you start feeling tired and get sick easily from infections and cancers and experience many different symptoms.

Treatment

There’s no cure for HIV, however, with the treatment you either lower the viral load or prevent the virus from progressing and spreading in the body. The most common and effective treatments are called antiretroviral therapy (ART) which comes in the form of medications.

With ART, people can prevent its progression to AIDS, and they can’t pass HIV to other people through sex or childbirth. Most people can release an undetectable HIV viral load within 6 months of starting ART therapy, and they need to continue this medicine for the rest of their life to keep their immune system healthy.

You can protect your partner from HIV infection by telling them and using condoms or other barrier methods during sex. And avoid sharing needles or other sharp objects that come in contact with any other person’s blood.

If HIV is detected in the earliest stage, you can reduce the risk of getting HIV by taking a combination of medications called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV):

This viral infection contains a group of over 200 different viruses. These viruses are usually harmless and go away on their own; however, in some people, it can lead to severe health conditions such as cancers and genital warts. HPV infections are quite common in the U.S.

Treatment

There’s no cure for HPV but in most cases, it can cure on its own in 1 to 2 years. However, if you have genital warts because of HPV, then you need to take medications and other procedures to cure them. If your HPV causes cancer, then you should immediately see your healthcare provider for monitoring and treatment.

There is an HPV vaccine available that can protect you from some strains of the HPV virus. The vaccine can be given to anyone between the ages of 9 to 45 years old.

  • Syphilis:

It is a bacterial infection that affects different parts of the body. Its cases are rising in the U.S. It causes a wide range of symptoms depending on how long the bacteria is in your body. Treatment

This is a curable infection with the help of antibiotic treatment. Most people only need a single injection of penicillin to get cured. However, people with severe syphilis need longer treatment with penicillin.

After treatment, you should avoid any sexual activity until you finish treatment so that every syphilis sore goes away completely. Make sure you tell your partner about your syphilis so that they can use protection during sex and get themselves tested to make sure they are not infected.

  • Hepatitis B:

It is a liver infection caused by the virus of the same name. It can spread through sexual contact with the infected person. Additionally, it can also spread by sharing toothbrushes, razors, and needles. There are several other types of hepatitis, but hepatitis B is most common and spread through sex.

Treatment

There’s no cure for hepatitis B but most adults recover on their own within 2 months without any treatment. Others have to take antiviral medications or other treatments to keep the liver safe. The most common medications for hepatitis B treatments include:

  • Entecavir
  • Telbivudine
  • Adefovir
  • Tenofovir
  • Lamivudine
  • Interferon alfa-2b

You can protect yourself from this virus by taking its vaccine. Anyone can get that vaccine at any age. You can use condoms and dental dams to prevent the infection from spreading during sex.

Most STIs are treatable and curable if you take early testing and treatment. However, these STIs usually don’t cause any early signs so you can only find out about them if you take regular testing. Most STI treatment options involve medications for a certain time until they get cured. So, consult with your doctor about when you should get tested to prevent these STIs from becoming severe.

For more tips or treatment suggestions for STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) testing, call us to get a consultation from our medical professionals. Our infectious disease doctors make sure your condition gets diagnosed and treated properly. For more information or to make an appointment, call us to get a consultation. Call us on +1-347-384-5690. If you need any information on infections, log on to www.doralhw.org  get a consultation. We have the best doctors that can help you and improve your quality of life!