Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection that is passed on by vaginal and anal sex. This could also be caused by low-risk strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). Everyone who are sexually active can be vulnerable to the complications of HPV.

 

SYMPTOMS

Genital warts are transmitted through sexual activity, which can include oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Although it may take several weeks to months after infection that you’ll likely start to develop after infection.

 

Also, genital warts are not always visible to the human eye. They can be very small, and its color might only be the color of the skin or slightly different. And even if you cant see genital warts, they can still cause symptoms that can include:

· Itching

· Vaginal discharge

· Burning sensation

· Bleeding

 

CAUSES

Genital warts spread through:

· sexual intercourse which includes anal, vaginal-penile and vaginal-vaginal

· giving oral sex to someone who has HPV or genital warts

· receiving oral sex from someone who has HPV or someone who has genital warts

 

Some people develop genital warts within weeks after infection, while others take months or years for their warts to appear. And for this reason alone, it is hard to trace or pinpoint when you got infected. Having multiple partners and not using condom during sex will also increase your risk of contracting genital warts.

 

TREATMENT

Most of the time, genital warts can go away on their own. Or they may multiply and get larger. There are different ways to treat genital warts, which may include:

· electrocautery – burning away of warts

· laser treatment – a laser light that destroys the tiny vessels inside the warts

· freezing – applying nitrogen to freeze and destroy the warts

· topical skin medication – you may need to apply prescribed medication to destroy the warts

· surgery – your doctor may need to surgically cut out warts that are too large for other treatments

Genital warts on the cervix or inside the vagina can cause dysplasia or cervical cancer

 

PREVENTION

If you are sexually active, there are ways you can use to protect yourself from getting or spreading genital warts, which may include:

· using of condoms during sex

· get the HPV Vaccine

· be monogamous

 

If you think you have genital warts, it is best that you talk with your doctor. Genital warts are common and highly treatable. At Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center, we provide women with health care services from puberty to menopause. To book an appointment, you can call us at 347-955-3465 or visit our website at http://www.gynecologistbrooklyn.com/