Are you suffering from constant weakness and numbness in your hands and feet? If yes, chances are you might be suffering from peripheral neuropathy.
Keep reading this article to learn what causes this disease and how you can prevent it.
This is a neurological disease caused by damage to peripheral nerves outside the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) which affects your hands and feet and causes numbness, weakness, and pain. It can affect the areas connected to the damaged nerves- such as digestion, urination, and blood circulation. In some cases, neuropathy can be cured, however, in most cases, you cannot cure this disease, and treatment only avoids further nerve damage.
Most people over the age of 65 develop neuropathy but it can affect people at any age. Peripheral neuropathy is quite common in patients with diabetes. This disease worldwide affects 51% of adults with diabetes. It is common in the US, 25 to 30% of people suffer from neuropathy. This can happen to one or multiple nerves and causes problems to the parts that relate to that nerve. If you have any symptoms, you should consider visiting a neurologist to get diagnosed. We have the best neurologists in Brooklyn. DH&W is well known and popular for advanced treatments and is equipped with the latest medical technology to expedite your health journey.
To diagnose peripheral neuropathy, you might need several tests because there are many potential causes. These tests include:
- Medical history: Doctors go through all medical history including your symptoms, exposure to toxins, lifestyle, drinking habits, and lifestyle. The doctors will also check your family’s medical history, particularly the history of neurological disease.
- Neurological examination: This examination helps to check if you have any type of disease that can cause nerve damage such as diabetes, liver disease, etc.; also, your tendons reflexes, muscle strength, ability to sense, posture and coordination.
- Blood tests: These can help to check vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, abnormal immune system, and other conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy.
- Imaging tests: MRI or CT scans help to check if there are any compressed nerves, tumors, herniated disks, or any other abnormal effects on the bones and blood vessels.
- Nerve function tests: Electrography (EMG) is a machine that helps to diagnose nerve damage by recording nerve activity from your muscle.
Other nerve function tests: This test includes an autonomic reflex screen test to check how your autonomic nerves work, a sweat test to measure the ability of sweating, and sensory tests to check the feeling of touch, vibrations, cooling, and heating.
- Nerve biopsy: In this test, the doctor removes a small portion of your nerve, especially the sensory nerve, to check the abnormalities.
- Skin biopsy: In this test, the doctor removes a small portion of your skin to look for a reduction of nerve endings.
If you are diagnosed with neuropathy, you should not wait to start your treatment. Call us for a consultation with the best Neurologists in Brownsville.
You can prevent neuropathy by following the steps given below:
- Diet changes: By making changes in your diet your body stays healthy and does not develop problems like vitamin deficiencies, type 2 diabetes, nerve endings, etc. Eating healthy keeps you fit and active. You should start eating food that is high in fiber and low in calories and has vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants in it. Avoid trans-fat or processed foods.
- Exercise regularly: Exercise increases your muscle strength and tone, improves balance and posture, and helps to fight several health conditions that can cause neuropathy. So, every day you need to do at least 30 minutes of workout.
- Quit smoking: Smoking narrows down the blood vessels which can cause nerve damage. So, stop smoking.
- Vitamins: You should maintain your recommended dose of vitamins and nutrients in your body by eating food and supplements.
- Relaxation techniques: Techniques include yoga, tai chi, stretching, deep breathing techniques, and meditation, which are some of the relaxation techniques that help you to reduce your stress, improve your posture, and help to relieve your pain.
Want to know more about neuropathy treatment? Call us at 718-DORAL-55 to schedule a consultation with the best neurologists in East New York.