Kidney stones, or also called renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis, are made of hard deposits of minerals and salts that are formed in the kidneys. Kidney stones are usually small, they can be as tiny as a grain of salt or as big as a corn kernel. Depending on the size of your kidney stones, you might not even know that you have one.

Sometimes, when your kidney stones are very tiny, they can pass on their own. But if you have a large one, it can get trapped in your ureter and when this happens it can cause bleeding and keep urine from leaving from your body.

 

SYMPTOMS

You can have a stone in your kidney and never know it’s there. But if they start to get bigger or starts to move, you may start to have symptoms. Symptoms of a kidney stone can include:

· Pain in your lower back or side of the body

· Experiencing nausea or vomiting with pain

· Pain when urinating

· Blood in the urine

· Being unable to urinate

· Feeling the need to urinate often

· Fever and chills

· Urine that small bad or looks cloudy

 

CAUSES

Kidney stones are formed when the minerals and salts in the urine crystalizes and forms together. These often happens when you are not drinking enough water. The substances that usually forms into kidney stones are:

· Calcium

· Uric acid

· Phosphate

· Oxalate

· And other chemicals or waste products in the urine

 

TREATMENT

Treatment depends on the size of the stone, how bad it is and how long you’ve had the symptoms. There are different treatments that your medical practitioner may suggest. If you have smaller stones, treatments can include:

· Water therapy – drinking water as much as 2 to 4 li a day

· Pain relievers – this could help with the pain when you are trying to pass small kidney stones

· Medical therapy – your doctor can prescribe you medicines that can help you pass your kidney stones

 

If you have larger stones, treatment can include:

· Using of sound waves to break up the kidney stones

· Surgery

 

PREVENTION

Prevention of kidney stones can include lifestyle change, medications, or a combination of both. You may reduce your risk of having kidney stones if you:

· Drink at least 2 li of water all throughout the day

· Eat less of oxalate-rich foods such as beets, okra, nuts, chocolate, and soy products

· Reduce the amount of salt and animal protein in your diet

· Eat the recommended amount of calcium

· Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables

 

If you are experiencing symptoms of kidney stone, don’t hesitate to see your healthcare provider immediately. Get evaluated early on so you can prevent complications and get treatment as soon as possible. Call us on 718-DORAL-55, Call us now.