If you suffer from pain and tingling in your hands or feet for more than 3 months, then, you might have nerve damage. This pain gets worse over time if you don’t manage its symptoms.  

So, keep reading this article to learn how to manage nerve pain. 

Nerve pain or damage happens due to an injury or infection that directly affects the nerve. It can be acute or chronic (but in most cases, it is chronic). And this nerve pain is known as neuropathic pain.  

Chronic neuropathic pain can happen at any time without any causative factor. People experience shooting or burning pain or this pain can be constant or occur intermittently; a feeling of numbness and loss of sensation have commonly been found too. Acute neuropathic pain is exceedingly rare, but it happens as well.  

In the US, 1 out of 3 people suffers from chronic pain. And 1 out of 5 people experiences neuropathic pain.  

There are many reasons behind this pain so to treat your condition and prevent it from getting worse with time, you need to know the cause behind your pain to manage them.  

Cause of nerve pain and damage 

There are many causes that can lead to nerve pain and damage. These causes are divided into 4 categories. These categories are given below: 

  1. Disease 
  2. Injury 
  3. Infection 
  4. Loss of Limb 

 

  • Disease: 

Neuropathic pain can happen in many diseases that affect the nerves of the brain and cause damage or pain. It can be their symptom or complication. These can include diabetes, some types of cancer, multiple myeloma, or multiple sclerosis. Not all people with these diseases experience neuropathy pain, but some develop this condition. 30% of people with diabetes develop neuropathic pain with all common symptoms of numbness followed by pain, burning, and stinging in their limbs or other parts of the body.
If you are an alcoholic, the chances are higher that you might develop neuropathy. The pain that occurs from alcoholism is much more painful and long-lasting. Some disease treatments can also lead to neuropathic pain. For example, to treat cancer, chemotherapy or radiation is used. Both affect your nervous system and can damage your nerves.
 

  • Injuries: 

Injuries to the brain that damage the tissue, muscle, or skull can cause this pain. Although injury to tissues and muscles rarely causes neuropathic pain, an injury to legs, hips, or back can cause long-lasting effects on nerves.  

Even when your injury is healed, the damage to the nervous system is not. As a result, you can experience pain for a long time.  

Accidents and injuries that happen to the spine can cause neuropathic pain (such as herniated discs or spinal cord compression) and can damage the nerves around the spine.
 

  • Infection: 

Even though infection rarely causes this pain, in some cases, infection is the reason behind this pain. For example, the chicken pox virus can cause shingles that leads to chronic pain in the affected nerve. Shingle is a rare condition that can cause postherpetic neuralgia which leads to persistent neuropathy. A syphilis infection can lead to burning, stinging, and unexplained pain. HIV/AIDs also experience unexplained pain.  

 

  • Limb loss: 

 Phantom Limb Syndrome is a syndrome that produces a distinctive form of neuropathic pain when your arm(s) or leg(s) has been amputated. Even though you lose your limb, your brain still thinks it’s there and sends pain signals from that removed part. This happens due to nerves near the amputation sending faulty signals to the brain. This misfiring signal is not limited to arms or legs, but you can feel this pain in fingers, toes, penis, ears, and other body parts too.
 

Other than these causes several causes can lead to neuropathy pain, including: 

  • Vitamin B deficiency 
  • Thyroid problems 
  • Facial nerve problems 
  • Arthritis in the spine 
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome 

Symptoms 

Symptoms of neuropathy pain can be slightly different from person to person, but these symptoms are commonly found, including: 

  • Sharp shooting, burning or stabbing pain 
  • Tingling and numbness 
  • Constant pain or pain that happens without a trigger and event 
  • Evoked pain, or pain caused by parts that do not typically produce pain – such as rubbing against something, being in cold temperatures, or brushing your hair. 
  • Feeling unpleasant or abnormal with a chronic sensation 
  • Difficulty in sleeping and resting 
  • Having emotional problems due to chronic pain, loss of sleep, and difficulty in expressing yourself. 
  • Muscle weakness, difficulty in holding things 
  • A buzzing sensation that feels like an electric shock.
     

Management of nerve pain and damage 

Management of nerve pain and damage depends on how your doctor can find the cause of neuropathic pain. Once the cause is found, with the right treatment you can reduce or may be able to eliminate the pain.  

For example, in case your neuropathy pain is caused by diabetes, and Doctors can diagnose diabetes, treatment of diabetes and care can eliminate or reduce your pain. Maintaining your blood sugar levels within range helps to prevent pain and numbness.  

Doctors take a multipronged approach to manage your condition. It is an effective way to treat the condition because in this approach they use a combination of medications, physical therapy, psychological treatment, or even surgery or implants are used to get the best results.
 

Nerve pain or damage is a chronic pain that happens to nerves. There are many causes of this pain and some of them are avoidable such as diabetes, (you can avoid it by maintaining your blood sugar levels). But it is not possible in all cases. So, it is essential that when it happens you note the symptoms and visit the doctor for early diagnosis and treatment to avoid it getting worse.
 

Want to know what treatments are available for nerve pain and damage? 

Call us at 718-DORAL-55 to schedule a consultation with the best Neurologists in Brooklyn.