You may have noticed that you always have eye allergies at a certain time of the year. Or when you go outside during a windy day. You may have an ocular or eye allergy. This condition is also called allergic conjunctivitis. Eye allergy occurs when something irritates your conjunctiva. Conjunctiva is the delicate membrane that covers the eye and the insides of your eyelid.
For more information about this condition, you can contact Doral Health and Wellness Ophthalmology Center.
The most common symptoms for eye allergies include:
· Watery eyes
· Sensitivity to light
· Eyelid swelling
These symptoms are sometimes accompanied by nasal allergies, including stuffy and itchy nose and with persistent sneezing. You may also experience headache, and an itchy, sore throat.
If your symptoms are due to seasonal outdoor allergens, it tends to be worse than that of symptoms due to indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander.
An allergy occurs when your immune system encounters an allergen that is normally harmless. When an allergen comes in contact to your eyes, cell within your eye releases histamine to fight off the allergen. This can cause your eyes to become watery, red and itchy.
These allergens can include:
· Dust mites
· Pet dander
· Pollens from grass, tress, and weeds
If you are also allergic to perfumes and cosmetics, they can affect your eyes and have an allergic response to it too. And, if your parents have eye allergies, you will most likely inherit those allergies.
The most effective way in treating eye allergies is to avoid contact with the source of your allergy. But first, you need to know what to avoid.
If you know that you are allergic to pollen, try to as much as possible going outdoors when pollen counts are high. It is important to note that pollen counts are usually high during mid-morning early evening. Also try to avoid going out during windy weathers as they blow away the pollens around. You can also try to keep your windows close when at home or when riding a car. This way, you can lower your exposure to pollens and other irritants that can trigger your allergy.
When cleaning your home, especially if your triggers are dust mites and pet dander, make sure that you use a damp cloth or mop instead of a dry dust mop to prevent the dust from scattering around. If you are allergic to pet dander, try to keep your house pets outside of the house as much as you can.
There are several treatment options you can choose from in treating eye allergies, just make sure that you consult an ophthalmologist or an allergist before you use or take them to avoid further allergic reaction.
· Artificial tears – these drops are available without prescription. This can help wash away the allergens from your eyes. This also helps relieve dry and irritated eyes.
· Oral antihistamines – this can help relieve itchy eyes, but they can also make the eyes dry and worsen the symptoms of eye allergy.
· Decongestants – this can help reduce redness in the eyes, and if you use decongestants with antihistamines, it can relieve the itchiness as well.
· Corticosteroids – these are steroid eye drops that treats chronic and severe eye allergy symptoms
· Antihistamines and/or mast-cell stabilizers – antihistamines relieve itchiness and mast-cell stabilizers help prevent eye allergies
· Immunotherapy shots – immunotherapy shot contains tiny amounts of allergens that gradually increases your immunity to allergens
You can consult our ophthalmologists at Doral Health and Wellness Ophthalmology Center for any problems related to your eyes. We aim to provide the best quality eye care services in Brooklyn. To book an appointment with our specialist, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, or call us at 347-868-1060. You can also visit our website at https://www.ophthalmologybrooklyn.com and book an appointment online.