Osteoporosis Medications: A Comprehensive Guide to Treatment Options

Did you know, around 2 million bones get broken every year and yet 80% of older Americans who suffer bone breaks are not tested or treated for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is more common than you think. It is a condition that causes your bones to weaken enough that they can break easily over minor stressors such as bending. However, you can prevent that with osteoporosis medications. Learn about different medication options for osteoporosis treatment in this article.

When are medications prescribed

Your doctor may prescribe medication for your osteoporosis to lower the risk of fractures. It is recommended for bones in your hips, spine, and other areas to prevent them from breaking.

Usually, your doctor may prescribe osteoporosis medicines when:

  • A bone density test shows that you have osteoporosis, and your fracture risk is high.
  • You have a bone fracture, and your bone density test shows you have thinner bones, but not osteoporosis.
  • You have a bone fracture that occurs without any major injury.

Common medicines

The most common medicines that are used to prevent or treat bone loss are Bisphosphonates. It is the most common medication class for osteoporosis which slows the rate of bone loss. It is usually taken in a monthly dose. The duration can vary depending on the type of bisphosphonate medicine you’re taking. The most common ones are:

  • Alendronate (taken once a day or week)
  • Ibandronate (usually prescribed for postmenopausal women. It’s taken once a month or through IV every 3 months.)
  • Risedronate (taken once a day, week, or a month).
  • Zoledronic acid (take through an IV once a year).

Its common side effects are heartburn, nausea, or belly pain when taken by mouth. Here are several things you should remember when taking bisphosphonates:

  • Take them on an empty stomach in the morning with plain water.
  • Stay standing or sitting for at least 30 minutes after taking the pill.
  • Wait 30 to 60 minutes after taking the pill to eat or drink anything.

These are rare side effects you may experience:

  • Low blood calcium level
  • A certain type of leg-bone fracture
  • Damage to jawbone
  • Fast and abnormal heartbeat

Your doctor may recommend that you stop taking this medicine after 5 years to decrease the risk of certain side effects. This period is called a drug holiday.

Another common osteoporosis medication is denosumab. This medicine is recommended for people who can’t take bisphosphonate such as people with reduced kidney function.

It is given by shallow injections every 6 months. If you take this medicine, your doctor may recommend transitions to another medication. Recent research shows there’s a substantial risk of spinal fractures after stopping the drug, so you need to take it on a consistent basis.

If you have osteoporosis, then come to us; our endocrinologists will diagnose your condition and treat it accordingly so that you can live a better life. Visit our endocrinology clinic in Brooklyn for professional help. Call us on +1-347-384-5690 and get answers to all your queries. Log on to  www.doralhw.org or visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11212 to book an appointment with our endocrinologist to get the best treatment. We have the best endocrinologists who treat these kinds of diseases and helpful staff to aid you during your treatment.