Presbyopia is an eye condition when the eye gradually loses the ability to immediately focus on objects that are close. This disorder happens during the natural aging process. The lens of the eyes can become less flexible as a person ages.
This condition may seem to occur suddenly to some people, but the reduction of sight focus occurs over the years. Presbyopia becomes noticeable during the early to mid-40s, but the loss of focus starts very early during childhood.
Symptoms of presbyopia usually involves gradual loss of ability to read or do work up close. The most common symptoms can include:
· Having headaches after reading or doing close work
· Having fatigue from doing close work
· Having difficulty reading small prints
· Having problems in focusing objects that are close to you
· Needs to hold the reading material at an arm’s length to properly read it
· Needs brighter lighter when reading
· Needs to squint when reading
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a condition that has similar symptoms. In both conditions, distant objects are clear but closer objects becomes blurry. However, they are different disorders. Hyperopia is a refractive error that may be present at birth and can develop into presbyopia as they age.
The lens of the eyes changes its shape to focus light onto the retina so we can see. During our younger years, the lens is soft and flexible and can easily change its shape. This will let us change our focus on objects. After turning 40, the lens becomes more stiff, preventing it to change shape easily making us to have difficulty in reading or do close-up works and tasks.
There is no cure for presbyopia, nor can it be reversed. But it can be treated with:
· Contact lenses
· Surgery – if you do not want to wear glasses or contact lenses, you can talk to your ophthalmologist about surgical procedures for presbyopia, such as conductive keratoplasty, LASIK surgery, photorefractive keratectomy, lens implants or corneal inlays.
Presbyopia is not considered a disease, but a natural part of aging that affects the vision. Which means that there is no way in preventing it fully, but there are steps that you can take to keep your eyes healthy.
· Get regular eye exams
· Reduce eyestrain by keeping your home and workplace well-lit
· Wear sunglasses when going put to protect your eyes from ultraviolet rays
· Control chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure as they can affect the vision if left untreated
Make sure to see your Doral eye doctor right away if you notice problems in your vision, such as seeing flashes of light, blurry vision, or have suddenly lose vision in one of your eye, as they can be a symptom of a more serious condition.