Inflammation of the rectum, the portion of the large intestine that connects to the anus, is known medically as proctitis. The big intestine and anus are components of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.  Rectal mucosa inflammation, often known as proctitis, can cause discomfort and even pain. Symptoms of the illness include, but are not limited to, bleeding or mucus discharge from the rectum. Your doctor can request an Endoscopy at Brownsville for further diagnostic tests. Inflammatory bowel syndrome or diseases (such as Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis) are strongly linked to the development of proctitis. Radiation therapy for some tumors can cause proctitis as a side effect.

The gastrointestinal system, or GI, is made up of several connected tubes and organs that twist and turn all the way from the mouth to the genitalia. The contraction and relaxation of gastrointestinal (GI) muscle tissue, as well as the production of digestive hormones and digestive enzymes, allow digestion to take place.

 

Causes

Proctitis is an ailment that usually results from another condition. A few examples are as follows:

  • Infections spread via sexual contact (STIs)
  • Antibiotic-associated rectal infections, such as those caused by Clostridium difficile
  • Treatments for cancers of the cervix, the uterus, prostate, and ovaries using radiation
  • Diseases of the digestive tract that cause inflammation, such as Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis
  • Sexual abuse, including rough anal sex, can cause anal damage
  • Non-STD infections caused by organisms other than HIV/AIDS, such as salmonella and shigella

 

Symptoms

  • Feeling as if you have to use the restroom all the time
  • Rectal hemorrhage
  • The sensation of satiety in the rectal area
  • Diarrhea
  • Discomfort during defecation
  • Moving phlegm through the genital area
  • Pain in the rectal area
  • Abdominal discomfort on the left side

 

Diagnosis

In order to diagnose proctitis and determine what’s causing it, doctors will ask about your health history, do a physical exam, and run tests.

Your physician will go through your symptoms and ask you some questions about your medical history, including things like:

 

  • Medical conditions, both present and in the past
  • A history of cancer treatment with radiation
  • History of sexually transmitted diseases
  • History of radiation therapy that was used to treat cancer (STDs)
  • A history of digestive disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease, running in the family (IBD)
  • History of travel to regions where certain illnesses that can cause proctitis are more prevalent usage of medicinal products, such as antibiotics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)

 

Your primary care physician will do a physical assessment on you, which may involve a digital rectal assessment, in order to look for any indications of proctitis or other issues involving the rectum.

  • Blood tests

These are able to detect any loss of blood as well as infections.

  • Stool sample

Potentially, you will be required to provide a sample for analysis. A stool analysis can help pinpoint whether or not the proctitis you’re feeling is the result of an infection due to bad microorganisms.

  • Check out your colon’s final section with a scope.

Your doctor will inspect the sigmoid and the rectum of your colon while performing this procedure, which is referred to as a flexible sigmoidoscopy. The slender, flexible tube that is used in this test is lit. During the process, your doctor may also perform a biopsy, in which he or she removes small tissue samples for further examination in a laboratory.

  • A complete examination of your colon with a scope.

With this procedure (a colonoscopy), your doctor will be able to see your entire colon by means of a thin, flexible tube that is lit and has a camera connected to it. During this examination, a medical professional may also do a biopsy.

  • Screenings for the absence of sexually transmitted diseases

Collecting a sample of your rectum discharge or your urethra is necessary for these tests (urethra).

 

Treatment

The reduction of inflammation, management of pain, and treatment of infection are the objectives of proctitis treatment. The underlying cause of proctitis should be determined before beginning any treatment. Symptom relief can be achieved by the treatment of underlying disorders. Treatment for STIs and other illnesses frequently involves the use of medication. If you have proctitis in addition to Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, your doctor may recommend surgery.

 

Medicines

Proctitis can be treated with a variety of medications, including the following:

  • Inflammation can be brought under control and pain alleviated with the help of anti-inflammatory medications like corticosteroids.
  • Immunosuppressants and biologic medicines are used to treat Crohn’s disease symptoms as well as the symptoms of other autoimmune disorders.
  • Treatment with antibiotics and antifungals is effective in curing STIs as well as other illnesses.

Your proctitis symptoms and the underlying reason will determine the medication that your doctor prescribes for you to treat your proctitis. Medications can be administered in a variety of ways, including topically, orally, intravenously, or even through an enema. When you have an enema, the treatment is inserted into your rectum in a direct manner.

You can also be given the instruction to take sitz baths. The application of warm water in the form of a sitz bath to any outwardly irritated area can bring relief. Sitz bath pans can be purchased at home health supply stores. These can be placed over the bowl of a toilet.

 

Surgery

 

Extreme discomfort, starvation, gastrointestinal damage, hemorrhage, and loss of body weight are all potential outcomes of inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract. In some circumstances, the only therapy that will be successful will be to remove the affected area.

Surgery is an option for those who suffer from gastrointestinal disorders and have recurrent episodes of proctitis. These gastrointestinal disorders arise when the immune system inappropriately targets healthy tissue in the digestive tract.

 

Doral Health and Wellness can help you

If you feel like you have gastrointestinal problems that need medical attention, you can seek help from our Colonoscopy Doctor Brooklyn at Doral Health and Wellness. To reach out to Doral Health and Wellness, you can take a bus, train, or skyway to locate the area. The address is 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11212.

 

Please book an appointment with us at 347-868-1016 or visit our website at http://www.gastroenterologybrooklyn.com/.