Renal Cyst Removal Procedures: Exploring Surgical and Minimally Invasive Treatment Options

If you are diagnosed with complex renal cysts that are causing symptoms like pain and urinary problems, it is better to get them removed before they cause serious complications. There are a variety of different renal cyst removal procedures available. Learn about all renal cyst removal procedures in this article which will help you choose the suitable procedures for your cyst removal.  If you want to know more about renal cyst symptoms and treatment, visit us at Doral Health and Wellness Urology Center and consult with the best nephrologists and urologists in East New York.


Treatment options

To treat renal cysts, doctors generally monitor the cyst to check if there are any changes or not. For that, you need to take all follow-up appointments where the doctor uses imaging tests like ultrasound to monitor your cyst. If the cyst has grown larger and affects kidney function then, removal is necessary. For that, the following surgical options are available:

  • Aspiration and sclerotherapy: In this procedure, your healthcare provider inserts a long needle under your skin to puncture the cyst and drain the fluid. This needle is guided with ultrasound to reach the cyst to puncture it. The doctor either puts an injection of a sclerosing agent, which helps to fibrosis and shrinks the fluid-filled cysts, or uses an alcohol or a chemical compound as a solution to cause scarring which prevents the cyst from filling with fluid again.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: This is the most common method to remove multiple kidney cysts or a very large This option is most suitable for patients who suffer from polycystic kidney disease (PKD). In this procedure, your doctor makes some small incisions in the abdomen. Then, the doctor inserts thin instruments through those small incisions and a small video camera. A video monitor in the operating room shows the surgeon where to guide the tools to the kidney and use them to drain the fluid from the cyst. The walls of the cyst are either cut or burned away. When a large number of cysts need to be removed, this procedure can last long, and you need to stay in hospital at night.
  • Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery: This procedure is used when cysts can be accessed from the part of the kidney basin involved in draining. A small telescope is passed through the ureter into the kidney, where a laser is used to make a cut in the cyst and open it so that it can be drained. A stent is placed in the ureter for around 2 weeks to ensure complete healing.
  • Percutaneous Kidney surgery: This type of surgery is used to remove larger cysts that develop in the posterior of the kidney. It is a minimally invasive technique in which surgeons perform endoscopic surgery on the kidney using a small opening called a tract. A tract is made by a small cut in the skin and tissue, straight into the kidney. To cover the distance between the kidney and the skin, a sleeve is placed into the organ. The doctor inserts the endoscopic instruments and guides them through the sleeve into the kidney where cysts can be opened, and a large portion of the wall can be removed under X-ray guidance. The patient usually needs to stay in the hospital overnight for this procedure.


There are a variety of renal cyst removal procedures available. Depending on the type, severity of the cysts, and overall health, the doctor recommends the best surgical procedure for you. The doctor properly guides you on what you should expect from the procedure and how to prepare before and after the procedure to lower the risk of side effects. Your procedure can last longer depending on how many or larger cysts are present where on your kidney, you may need to stay overnight in the hospital for that procedure.


Need help with renal cyst removal, visit our urology clinic in Brooklyn to get professional medical help. Call us to book your appointment today. Call us to book your appointment now!! At Doral Health and Wellness Urology Center, our team of urologists will work with you in managing your disease and your quality of life. We also offer services, such as renal and bladder ultrasound. To schedule an appointment, please visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212 or call 1-347-384-5690. You can also visit our website at