Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease that attacks the healthy cells in the body by mistake, attacks the tissue lining the joints on both sides causing inflammation in the affected parts of the body. You may experience pain and inflammation in your:

· Fingers

· Hands

· Knees

· Writs

· Ankles

· Feet

· Toes

Rheumatoid arthritis mainly attacks the joints, usually many joints all at once. When the lining of the joint becomes inflamed, it causes damage to the joint tissue. This tissue damage can cause chronic pain and deformity. Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect other tissues in the body and cause problems in organs, such as the lungs, heart, and eyes.

 

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS

The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown. Although researchers think that it is caused by several factors, including genetics, hormones, and environmental factors. Some factors can also increase the risk of developing this disease. These risk factors may include:

· Age – rheumatoid arthritis can begin at any age, but the risk can increase as you age

· Sex – female tend to develop rheumatoid arthritis more than men

· Genetics/inherited traits – people born with specific genes are more likely to have rheumatoid arthritis. These genes are called human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genotypes

· Smoking – several studies shows that smoking increases the risk of having rheumatoid arthritis

· Obesity – being obese can also increase the risk of having rheumatoid arthritis

 

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms for rheumatoid arthritis vary from person to person. In some people, joint symptoms develop over the years while some develop very rapidly. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can include:

· Pain, swelling and tenderness in one or more joint

· Stiffness, especially in the morning or after sitting for longer periods

· Pain and stiffness on the same joints on both sides of the body

· Fatigue

· Weakness

· Fever

· Loss of appetite

Early rheumatoid arthritis affects smaller joints at first. Then as the disease progresses, symptoms spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and sometimes even on the shoulders.

 

TREATMENT

Rheumatoid arthritis can be effectively treated and managed through medications and self-management strategies. Treatment includes medication to reduce inflammation, relieve pain, slow down the disease and prevent damage and deformity to the joints. Although there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, early treatment can also include lifestyle changes supportive treatments and surgery. Work with your doctor so you can formulate a treatment specifically designed for your condition and symptoms.

 

There is also strong evidence that a specific dietary can improve rheumatoid arthritis. Although some people have observed that their symptoms get worse if they eat certain foods. If this may be the case for you, it is better to avoid these foods to see if your symptoms improve. It is also important that you keep a balanced diet. Call us on 718-DORAL-55, Call us now.