Testicular cancer happens when a malignant cell develops in the tissues of one or both testicles. It can affect men at any age, but it is more common in men between ages 15 to 35 years old.

The testicles are part of the male reproductive system, these are the two walnut-shaped glands held together in a sac, called the scrotum. The testicles are the ones responsible in storing the sperm and making the male hormones called testosterone.

It is important that men know how to catch the early signs of testicular cancer to start the treatment as early as possible.



Men with testicular cancer may notice a variety of symptoms. Or sometimes, men won’t have any symptoms. And when they do, the symptom could be caused by other medical conditions that is other from cancer.

Symptoms for testicular cancer can include:

· Difference in appearance between the testicles

· A dull ache in the lower abdomen of groin

· Lower back pain

· A feeling of pain or numbness in the scrotum

· Buildup of fluid in the testicles

· A painless lump in either of the testicles

· Breast tenderness

If you notice any lump or firmness in your testicles, please see your doctor immediately to find out if it is a tumor. It is important to note that although not all changes could mean it is cancer, most men won’t feel pain when first signs of testicular cancer manifests.



Testicular cancer develops when the cells in the testicles grows uncontrollably. It is not possible to avoid the risk of developing testicular cancer, but it is best to catch it early. Men with an increased risk should get tested regularly in the hopes of catching the disease early. Risk factors for testicular cancer can include:

· Family history – you have an increased risk in developing testicular cancer if you have a parent or a sibling that had it. A certain inherited genetic condition can also increase your risk, such as Klinefelter Syndrome.

· Age – testicular cancer is most common in men between the ages 15 and 35

· Ethnicity – testicular cancer is more common in men with non-Hispanic origin in the United States and Europe

· Undescended testicles – the testicles of a fetus form in the abdomen and drops into the scrotum before birth. When testicles don’t drop during birth, it is called undescended testicles and could require surgery. Being born with this condition could increase the risk of having testicular cancer

· Infertility – more research is still needed to back with this connection, but it is believed that some factors that causes infertility is also related to the development of testicular cancer


If you are at high risk of developing testicular cancer, it is best that you do a monthly testicular self-exam. The best time to do this is after a warm bath or shower, while standing and the scrotum is well relaxed. To do this, you can:

1. Check each testicle by firmly rolling each testicle between the thumb and forefingers. Feel the firmness and whole surface of the testis, as it should be the same all around. But it is normal that one of the testes is slightly larger or smaller than the other one.

2. Find the epididymis and vas deferens, these are the soft tube-like structures above and behind the testicle. These are the ones responsible in carrying the sperm.

3. Look for lumps or swellings or bumps in the testicles.

4. Checking yourself at least once a month is one of the best ways in catching the condition early.

Make sure that you pay attention to the symptoms of testicular cancer. If you notice any changes in your testicles make sure to have it checked immediately. It might not be cancer, but if it is, it can spread very quickly.



Treatment for this condition will vary depending on several factors, such as health condition, personal treatment preferences, and cancer type. Treatments can include:

· Surgery – this is done to remove the cancerous testicle, as this is the most common treatment for testicular cancer.

· Radiation therapy – this is done using high-doses of x-rays to kill the cancer cells. This treatment is also used after the surgery to prevent the cancer cells from returning.

· Chemotherapy – these method uses drugs to kill the cancer cells. Depending on the type of cancer, chemotherapy is sometimes recommended instead of surgery.

Testicular cancer is not preventable, but it is curable. It could be fatal but if caught and treated early, the survival rate is high. The earlier you see and receive a prognosis, the higher your chances are of being cancer-free.


Doral Health and Wellness – Men’s Health Center offers the best urologists in Brooklyn. We offer the most comprehensive approach towards wellness care and delivers the highest quality healthcare for the community. We are a dedicated team in providing the best Men Health services.

If you or your loved one is suffering from testicular cancer, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York to book an appointment at Doral Health and Wellness Men’s Health Center. You can also call us at 347-868-1098, or visit our website at http://www.urologistbrooklyn.com/ to book an appointment online.