There are hundreds of different eye diseases and disorders that causes vision problems. Although have no known cure, there are many others that are treatable. Eye diseases are very common and can sometimes go undetected for a very long time, showing no symptoms and causing no problems.

Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. adult population suffers some kind of vision loss. It is important that we prioritize our eye’s health as much as we take care of our bodies. Make sure that you make time for your regular check-ups.

Here are some of the most common eye diseases and disorders.


· Refractive errors

Refractive errors are the most common type of eye problem in the United State. This condition includes myopia or near-sightedness, hyperopia or far-sightedness, and astigmatism. These conditions are corrected by wearing prescription glasses, contact lenses and in some cases, surgery.


· Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is an eye disorder that blurs the central vision. Due to aging, the macula is damage, which is the part of an eye that controls the sharpness of straight-ahead vision.


AMD is one of the common conditions that causes vision loss in older adults. AMD doesn’t cause complete blindness but can cause severe vision problem that makes it hard to see faces, read, drive, or do things up-close like cooking or fixing things.


· Cataract

Cataract is when the lens of your eyes becomes cloudy and dense. This condition is very common to older people. This is caused by the proteins in your that have break down and caused things to look blurry and less colorful. Having this condition is like looking through a dirty, dusty, and foggy windshield. Although cataracts are not painful, they cause discomfort by making the eyes very sensitive to light.


Cataract starts to develop at around the age of 40 but symptoms show until after 60. Cataract develops very slowly; it usually affects both eyes but doesn’t usually form at the same time. According to the National Eye Institute, over half of United State’s population have cataracts by the time they turn 80 years old.


· Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that can occur in people who have diabetes. It is a progressive damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels swell and leak, or close then stops the blood from passing through.


One of diabetes known effects are damage to the eyes. So, it is very important to have regular eye checkups when you have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy doesn’t show symptoms at first, so finding it early on can help you make the necessary steps to help you protect and prevent vision loss.


· Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in the eye where the optic nerve is damaged from fluid build-up. The fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, gradually damaging the optic nerve by the pressure caused by the fluids on the eye. This damage is often caused by an unusual high pressure in the eyes. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness, next to Cataract. If left untreated it can lead to permanent and irreversible loss of vision.


· Presbyopia

Presbyopia is an eye condition when the eye gradually loses the ability to immediately focus on objects that are close. This disorder happens during the natural aging process. The lens of the eyes can become less flexible as a person ages.


This condition may seem to occur suddenly to some people, but the reduction of sight focus occurs over the years. Presbyopia becomes noticeable during the early to mid-40s, but the loss of focus starts very early during childhood.


· Amblyopia

Amblyopia or also known as lazy eye, is when the vision of one of your eyes didn’t develop the way it should. This is often caused by the abnormal visual development early in life. If not treated, the brain will learn to ignore the image from the weak or “lazy” eye, that could cause permanent vision problem.


This condition usually occurs in children that develops from birth up to 7 years of age. It is also important to note that lazy is different from cross-eye. The risk of developing lazy eye in a child is if he/she is born prematurely, has developmental delay or has a family history of lazy eye.


· Ocular Hypertension


This condition happens when the pressure inside the eye, called intraocular pressure, is higher than normal. When the fluid in front our eyes don’t drain properly, the pressure inside them builds up, causing ocular hypertension. Ocular hypertension may cause damage to the optic nerve, increasing the risk of having glaucoma.


The eyes are one of the most important organ in the human body. Our sight should not be taken for granted and eye health should be a priority. If you notice a change in your eyesight, seek immediate medical attention. It is better to take precautionary measures than seek help when damage is already irreversible.


At Doral Health and Wellness Ophthalmology Center, our team in ophthalmology department will help you with your diagnosis and the treatment course fit for you. We aim to provide the best quality eye care services in Brooklyn. Our specialist and his team are very committed to providing the highest level of care for all his patients. To book an appointment with our specialist, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, or call us at 347-868-1060. You can also visit our website at and book an appointment online.