The Rise of Mpox: Understanding the Symptoms, Transmission, and Prevention Strategies

If you notice fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, or skin lesions then you may have developed monkeypox (mpox) infection symptoms. While this condition is rare, the year 2022 noticed an outbreak in America and Australia. It is caused by a monkey virus and has no cure. In most cases, symptoms get better over time, but in some cases, they can be severe. Learn in detail about mpox infection in this article. Log on to for a consultation.



Causes and transmission

Monkeypox is caused by monkeypox virus. The virus has two types – clade 1 and clade 2. Clade 1 causes more severe illness and death while it affects some areas. Whereas clade 2 affects more globally which is less severe.

Both types of viruses can spread through:

  • Direct contact with a person through touch, kissing, or sex.
  • Close contact with animals when hunting, skinning, or cooking them.
  • Materials like contaminated sheets, clothes, or needles.
  • Pregnant women may pass the virus onto their unborn baby.

It can cause a painful rash, enlarged lymph nodes, and fever. Most people can recover fully; however, some get extremely sick.



After exposure to the virus, your symptoms may appear in 3 to 17 days (about 2 and a half weeks). The time between when you get exposed and when your symptoms occur is called the incubation period. Mpox symptoms can last 2 to 4 weeks, which are:

  • Skin rash
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and backaches
  • Chills
  • Tiredness
  • Backache
  • Exhaustion

Some people don’t experience fever. About 1 to 4 days after, a skin rash develops which usually starts on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body.


The rash consists of skin lesions that progress through the following stages before going away on their own:

  • Macules, flat discolored areas
  • Papules, small, raised areas of swelling
  • Vesicles, small fluid-filled blisters
  • Pustules, small blisters that contain pus.
  • Scabs crusts that form over the rash.



Your doctor may suspect other illnesses, such as measles or chickenpox, bacterial skin infections, scabies, herpes, syphilis, other sexually transmissible infections, and medication-associated allergies, due to the non-specific rashes. Your doctor may take a sample of tissue from an open sore and send it to the lab for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. In case there are no skin lesions, the doctor takes the sample from the oropharyngeal, anal, or rectal swabs.

Doctors may also take your blood sample to check for the mpox virus or antibodies your immune system makes. However, it may not be useful because it is hard to distinguish between different orthopoxviruses.



There is no cure available for mpox infection, so treatment only focuses on relieving symptoms. For people with mild symptoms, a doctor may suggest resting and staying hydrated until the infection resolves. In serious cases, the doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs like cidofovir and brincidoforvir to treat your symptoms. Another potential treatment for weakened immune systems is vaccinia immune globulin because these antibodies are taken from people who have been given the smallpox vaccine.



The best prevention for mpox is getting vaccinated to stop the spread. Vaccines developed for smallpox also protect mpox. These vaccines are recommended for people who have just been exposed to or are likely to be exposed to mpox. You should get vaccinated before or as soon as possible after exposure. You should talk with your doctor if you’re unsure if you should get vaccinated or not.

Besides vaccines, some other ways to help you prevent the spread of mpox include:

  • Avoid contact with infected animals, especially sick or dead animals.
  • Don’t make contact with bedding and other materials contaminated with the virus.
  • Thoroughly cook all foods that contain animal meat or parts.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water. If water and soap are not available use alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Avoiding contact with people who may seem infected.
  • Practice safe sex, including the use of condoms and dental dams.
  • Wear a mask that covers your mouth and nose when you go out or take care of someone infected.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces like doorknobs, chairs, tables, etc.
  • You should use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for people infected with the virus.


Mpox infection was not common before but recently there has been a noticeable rise in its cases. While mostly it’s not severe, and symptoms go away on their own. In some cases, treatment is required which is given with some specific antiviral medications. The best way to prevent mpox is to take a smallpox vaccine or avoid contact with people or animals which seem infected.


Need help with mpox, visit our infectious diseases specialist in Brooklyn clinic to get professional medical help. Ensure to get the best treatment for your problem. Call us to book your appointment now!

Don’t make your body suffer more from the infection, get professional help by visiting our infectious disease specialists in our Brooklyn clinic. They listen to your concerns and treat you accordingly. Get free tips on how to stay safe from infectious diseases. Call us on +1-347-384-5690. If you need any information on infections, log on to  get a consultation. We have the best doctors that can help you and improve your quality of life!