The Role of Probiotics in Preventing and Treating Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is an infection caused by the overgrowth of bacteria that is found in your vagina. This condition usually develops when there is a change in the condition of your vagina. This is not a sexually transmitted infection but if you are sexually active and you have a change of partner, your risk of having this infection can increase.

For more information about bacterial vaginosis, you can talk to the best GYN in Brownsville at Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center.

Probiotics, specifically those containing beneficial strains of Lactobacillus bacteria, may have a role in treating bacterial vaginosis (BV) and promoting a healthy vaginal environment. Here’s how probiotics may help in treating bacterial vaginosis:

  • Maintaining vaginal microbiota — A healthy vagina is typically dominated by Lactobacillus bacteria, which play an important role in maintaining an acidic environment. This acidity helps prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria that causes bacterial vaginosis.
  • Restoring microbial balance — Probiotics containing Lactobacillus strains, when taken orally or applied locally, can contribute to the restoration of a balanced microbial environment in your vagina.
  • Production of lactic acid — Lactobacillus bacteria are known to produce lactic acid, creating an acidic environment. This acidity helps create a hostile environment for harmful bacteria and supports the growth of good bacteria.
  • Blocking harmful bacteria — Lactobacillus bacteria may compete with and exclude harmful bacteria, preventing their overgrowth.
  • Enhancing immune response — Probiotics may modulate the immune response in your vaginal mucosa, promoting a more stronger defense against infections, including bacterial vaginosis.
  • Breaking down biofilms — Some probiotics may help break down biofilms formed by harmful bacteria, making them more susceptible to treatment.
  • Preventing recurrence — Probiotics may play a role in preventing the recurrence of bacterial vaginosis by supporting the growth of good bacteria over time.
  • Oral and Local Applications
    • Oral Supplements — Probiotics can be taken orally as supplements, providing a systemic effect that may benefit your entire body, including your vaginal microbiota.
    • Topical Applications — Probiotics can also be applied topically, such as in the form of vaginal suppositories, creams, or gels, for a more direct influence on your vagina’s environment.
  • Strain-specific effects — The effectiveness of probiotics in treating bacterial vaginosis may vary based on the specific strains used. Some studies suggest that certain Lactobacillus strains, such as Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus reuteri, may be particularly beneficial.
  • Supplementing antibiotic treatment — Probiotics are sometimes used as a support to antibiotic therapy for bacterial vaginosis, with the goal of supporting the restoration of a healthy vaginal microbiota.
  • Addressing antibiotic-induced imbalances — Antibiotic treatment for bacterial vaginosis can sometimes disrupt the balance of vaginal bacteria. Probiotics may help counteract this effect.

It’s important to note that while there are some evidence supporting the use of probiotics for bacterial vaginosis, results can vary among individuals, and more research is needed to establish specific guidelines for their use. Before starting any probiotic regimen, especially during pregnancy or in people with underlying health conditions, it is advisable to consult with a medical provider for personalized guidance. Probiotics should not be used as a sole treatment for active infections, and medical attention is still important for the appropriate diagnosis and management of bacterial vaginosis.

At Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center, we have the best GYN doctor in East New York, and we provide women with quality health care services. Our specialists aim to deliver the highest quality of healthcare.To schedule an appointment, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212 or call us at 1-347-384-5690. You can also visit our website at