Our body makes chemical messengers called hormones that play a huge role in our health and well-being by controlling everything from our moods to our metabolism.
 

Let’s decode the functions of some of the major hormones for you.
 

 

 

 

 

1. ESTROGEN 

  • Produced by: The Ovaries 
  • Functions: Regulates your menstrual cycle, maintains pregnancy, helps in the development of secondary sex characteristics in girls (during puberty), and maintains your bone health. 

2. PROGESTERONE 

  • Produced by: The Ovaries 
  • Functions: After ovulation, it helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy, it’s also a major player in the maintenance of pregnancy.  

3. THYROID HORMONES 

  • Produced by: The thyroid gland 
  • Functions: Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine(T3) are collectively known as thyroid hormones. They are responsible for your metabolism, body temperature, moods, weight, and skin, hair & nail health.

4. TESTOSTERONE 

  • Produced by: Both the Ovaries & Testes 
  • Functions: Responsible for your hair growth (beard in men and armpits and groin hair), bone health, sex drive, and muscle mass & strength. 

5. INSULIN 

  • Produced by: Pancreas 
  • Functions: Helps regulate how your body metabolizes glucose for energy. Commonly associated with diabetes. 

 6. SEROTONIN 

  • Produced by: The pineal gland 
  • Functions: Your body converts tryptophan (an amino acid) to make serotonin-the ‘feel-good hormone,’ it helps regulate your mood. 

 7. GLUCAGON 

  • Produced by: The Pancreas 
  • Functions: This works opposite to insulin increasing your blood sugar levels when you are low on energy. 

8. LEPTIN 

  • Produced by: Your fat cells 
  • Functions: It reduces appetite and controls how many calories you burn in a day. 

9. GROWTH HORMONE 

  • Produced by: The Pituitary 
  • Functions: Stimulates growth and development & maintains bone and muscle mass. 

10. CORTISOL 

  • Produced by: The Adrenals 
  • Functions: Controls your stress response by regulating your heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension and respiration. 

11. PARATHYROID HORMONES 

  • Produced by: The Parathyroid gland 
  • Functions: Controls bone health by regulating calcium and phosphate metabolism. 

12. ADRENALINE 

  • Produced by: The Adrenals 
  • Functions: Your ‘fight or flight’ response is controlled by this hormone. It controls the way your body reacts to stress, elevating your heart rate, blood pressure and metabolism. 

13. MELATONIN 

  • Produced by: The pineal gland 
  • Functions: Controls your sleep-wake cycle 

14. DOPAMINE 

  • Produced by: Your Brain (Hypothalamus) 
  • Functions: Affects your moods, concentration, happiness and learning abilities. 

15. ALDOSTERONE 

  • Produced by: The Adrenals 
  • Functions: Regulates your body fluids volume by reabsorption of sodium and water from your kidneys. 

16. OXYTOCIN 

  • Produced by: The Pituitary 
  • Functions: Called the ‘love hormone’ it is responsible for your orgasms and plays a significant role in lactation. 

17. HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN (HCG) 

  • Produced by: The Placenta 
  • Functions: It is produced by your placenta and is a widely used indicator of pregnancy (home-pregnancy tests detect this hormone). 

 

18. LEUTINIZING HORMONE (LH) 

  • Produced by: The Pituitary 
  • Functions: It controls the production of estrogen and testosterone (from your ovaries and testes) and is responsible for fertility 

 19. GHRELIN 

  • Produced by: The Stomach 
  • Functions: Stimulates your appetite and is responsible for hunger-pangs and cravings. 

 20. DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE (DHEA) 

  • Produced by: The Testes & Ovaries 
  • Functions: Responsible for bringing about puberty and all the associated changes like pimples, changing of voice, hair growth on your face, armpits, and genital areas, and controls the initiation of sex hormones. 

 

Our endocrine system involves many organs like the Pituitary, hypothalamus, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, and adrenal glands, and the ovaries and testes. 

Even a tiny disturbance in the delicate balance of hormones can have disastrous effects on your health ranging from weak immunity, excessive sweating, hair fall, and unexplained bruises to complications like heart attacks and strokes. 

Have any questions? Book an appointment by calling us at 718-DORAL-55.