A varicocele is a condition in which the vein inside the scrotum becomes enlarged. This vein is also known as the pampiniform plexus, and the scrotum is the skin or pouch that holds the testicles.  

Varicocele is very similar to varicose veins which mostly occur on the legs. Although rare, a varicocele can decrease the production of sperm and its quality, which can lead to infertility.  

Because the male anatomy is not the same on both sides, this condition is more common on the left side of the scrotum. They can both be affected by this condition at the same time, but it is rare.  

 

 

SYMPTOMS 

Most of the time, varicocele shows no signs and symptoms and can be harmless. But possible signs and symptoms can include: 

  • Swelling in the scrotum 
  • A lump in one or both testicles 
  • A visible twisted veins in the scrotum, which often looked like a bag of worms 
  • A recurring pain in the scrotum 

 

CAUSES 

The exact cause of varicocele is still unknown. But it is believed that varicocele is caused by defective valves in the veins of the scrotum. These valves are responsible in regulating the flow of blood from and to the testicles. When these valves malfunctions and doesn’t work the way they should, the veins swells and enlarges. These causes varicocele to develop slowly over time.  

 

TREATMENTS 

Treatment for varicocele is not always necessary. But you may want to consider treatment if varicocele causes: 

  • Pain 
  • Infertility 
  • Testicular atrophy 

 

Surgical procedure for varicocele involves tying off the affected vein to redirect the blood flow towards the normal veins. This procedure is minimally invasive. The patient can return to his usual activity after a week or two.  

Mostly, men don’t experience any symptoms at all. Some may experience a little discomfort during certain activities, but it doesn’t cause serious and long-term health problems. If you are concerned about fertility, you can discuss it with your medical provider. 

At Doral Health and Wellness – Men’s Health Center, we aim to provide services designed for men’s unique needs. You can book an appointment by calling us at 347-868-1098 or visit our website at https://www.urologistbrooklyn.com