In the USA, there are an estimated 28 million people (about the population of Texas) who have had an eating disorder at some point in their life. Have your eating habits suddenly changed, or have you started binge eating? If so, you may be suffering from an eating disorder.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that can happen to anyone but especially to teenagers or young females. While it is treatable, if they develop severe symptoms they need to be hospitalized for treatment because it is life-threatening or leads to death. So, to avoid this, try to notice its symptoms and take them to visit a psychiatrist so they diagnose their condition and give you the ways to treat their condition.
Common signs of anorexia nervosa
These are the signs you will notice in a person with anorexia nervosa, including:
- Having or expressing concern about weight gain or wanting to know the exercises that help weight loss.
- Mostly talk about losing weight or dieting.
- Purging/ Vomiting every time they eat or go to the bathroom. Having medications such as laxatives, diuretics, or taking enemas. These medications decrease food absorption and empty your stomach and intestines faster. Purging can cause serious health issues.
- Increase the intensity of exercising without increasing the diet. Being serious and disturbed if they miss some days of workouts.
- Being obsessed with calorie intake, food, and dieting. Limiting the calorie intake and avoiding some foods. Finding a dieting method that helps to lose weight fast.
- Start cooking meals but not for themselves. Create a meal that has fewer calories or fats.
- Getting annoyed or angry if not able to control his/her meal at will (Like at the restaurant).
- Looking more depressed, serious, and stressed than before. Note: In the case of teenagers, mood fluctuations are normal due to adolescence or hormonal changes. If you are concerned about eating disorders, you should monitor their mental condition.
- Fewer calorie intake and avoiding food absorption by purging results in having less energy in everything. Whether they are speaking or doing something (even their favorite activity).
- Engaging in food rituals (such as eating food on certain plates, excessive chewing, cutting food into small pieces, counting calories after eating, etc.).
- In some cases, they use alcohol or some medication such as diet pills to cope with their stress or anxiety. Those who engage in purging or binging are 18 times more likely to abuse alcohol or drugs than the restrictive type.
- The last and the main sign is extreme levels of weight loss in a few months.
After some time, you might notice these physical signs because of their extreme efforts of weight loss, including:
- Tired all the time
- Dry or yellowish skin
- Thinning of bones
- Brittle nails
- Muscle loss and weakness
- Low blood pressure and pulse
- Feeling cold most of the time
- Severe constipation
Whenever you notice more than one sign, you should take them to visit a psychiatrist to confirm.
Want to know how you can prevent eating disorders?
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