Anaphylaxis is an allergic reaction that can be extremely serious and even fatal. It might happen seconds or minutes after being exposed to an allergen such as peanuts or bee stings.

When you have anaphylaxis, your immune system releases a barrage of chemicals that can send you into shock, resulting in a drop in blood pressure and constricted airways that prevent breathing. A quick, weak pulse, a skin rash, nausea, and vomiting are some of the warning signs and symptoms. Some meals, some drugs, bug venom, and latex are typical triggers.

Epinephrine must be administered intravenously for anaphylaxis, followed by a trip to the emergency hospital. Go to the emergency room right away if you don’t have epinephrine. Anaphylaxis can be fatal if it is not treated quickly.

 

 

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of anaphylaxis typically appear minutes after being exposed to an allergen. However, anaphylaxis can occasionally happen 30 minutes or more after exposure. Rarely, anaphylaxis may take hours to manifest. Some warning signs and symptoms are:

● Hives, itching, and flushed or pale skin are just a few examples of skin reactions.

● Reduced blood pressure (hypotension)

● Breathing difficulties and wheezing might be brought on by tongue or throat swelling and airway constriction.

● Fast and erratic pulse

● Diarrhea, vomiting, or nauseous

● Fainting or vertigo

 

Causes

Foreign substances constantly come into contact with your body. To protect itself against these poisons, it makes antibodies. The body typically doesn’t respond to the antibodies when they are released. Anaphylaxis, on the other hand, is an allergic reaction that affects the entire body as a result of the immune system overreacting.

Medications, peanuts, tree nuts, insect stings, fish, shellfish, and milk are among the common triggers of anaphylaxis. Exercise and latex may also be to blame.

 

Diagnosis

Your doctor may inquire about past allergy responses, such as whether you have reacted to:

● Specific foods

● Medications

● Latex

● Entity stings

In order to support the diagnosis:

● A blood test may be performed on you to check the level of an enzyme called tryptase, which can increase up to three hours after anaphylaxis.

● To help identify your trigger, skin tests or blood tests may be used to screen you for allergies.

Anaphylaxis-like symptoms and indications are present in many diseases. Other conditions might need to be ruled out by your doctor.

 

Treatment

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be necessary if you stop breathing or your heart stops beating during an allergic episode. Additionally, you might be given drugs, such as:

● Adrenaline-containing epinephrine to lessen the body’s allergic reaction

● Oxygen to aid with breathing

● Antihistamines and cortisone are administered intravenously (IV) to lessen airway inflammation and improve breathing

● Albuterol is a beta-agonist that can be used to treat respiratory problems.

 

A lot of anaphylaxis-prone individuals carry an autoinjector. When rubbed against the thigh, this gadget, which combines a syringe and a hidden needle, administers a single dose of medication. Epinephrine should be replaced before it expires to ensure proper function.

 

An autoinjector can prevent anaphylaxis from escalating and even save your life. Make sure you are familiar with using the autoinjector. Additionally, ensure that those closest to you are familiar with it’s use.

Doral Health’s immunologists and allergologist are highly qualified experts in their respective professions. Please contact us at 718-367-2555.