Common Kidney Diseases

The kidney is the organ that removes waste and extra fluid in the body. It also removes acid produced by the cells of the body and maintains a healthy balance of water, salt, and minerals in the blood. Your kidneys play a significant role in maintaining your blood pressure, electrolyte balance, hemoglobin levels, and many more. But there are many conditions that can damage your kidneys.  

If you notice signs and symptoms of kidney diseases, visit us at Doral Health and Wellness and consult with the best nephrologists in East New York 

Here are the most common kidney diseases: 

  • Acute Kidney Failure, also known as Acute Renal Failure, occurs when the kidney functions stop suddenly. There are three main reasons why kidneys suddenly fail to function: 
      • Something has blocked the flow of blood to the kidneys. This could be caused by an infection, certain medication, liver failure, dehydration, blood or fluid loss, and heart failure. 
      • Urine is blocked from leaving the kidneys. These are because of bladder, cervical, colon, or prostate cancer, kidney stones, blood clots in the urinary tract, and nerve damage to the bladder. 
      • The kidneys have direct damage. This may be caused by cholesterol deposits, blood clots, inflamed kidney filters due to an infection, multiple myeloma, chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, or other toxins. 
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a long-term condition where the kidneys don’t work the way they should. It is a condition mostly associated with aging. Chronic kidney disease can include conditions that damage the kidneys and decrease their ability to filter waste from the blood. When the kidneys stop working it can cause dangerous levels of excess fluid, electrolytes, and wastes buildup in the body. 
  • Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis, are made of hard deposits of minerals and salts formed in the kidneys. Kidney stones are generally small, they can be as tiny as a grain of salt or as big as a corn kernel. Depending on the size of your kidney stones, you might not even know that you have one. Sometimes, when your kidney stones are very tiny, they can pass on their own. But if you have a large one, it can get trapped in your ureter and when this happens it can cause bleeding and keep urine from leaving your body.  
  • Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in your kidneys, it is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of your kidney. These cells will eventually form a mass. When these tumors become cancerous or malignant, they can spread to your other tissues and vital organs. Kidney cancer does not usually manifest symptoms during its preliminary stages. But when it does, you will notice these signs and symptoms: 
      • You will notice blood in your urine, which can appear red or pink  
      • You will feel pain in your backside that won’t seem to go away 
      • You will lose your appetite 
      • You will notice an unexplained weight loss 
      • You will feel consistently tired 
      • You will have a fever 
      • Your blood pressure will rise 

If you have symptoms of kidney issues, talk to your doctor so you can devise a proper treatment plan for your condition. Never take any symptoms of kidney problems for granted. It is better to have it checked early on before it progresses. At Doral Health and Wellness, our team of nephrologists will work with you in managing your disease and your quality of life. To schedule an appointment, please visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212, or call 1-347-384-5690. You can also visit our website at or contact us at if you have any queries.