Most Common Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis

An allergen is an ordinarily safe substance that, in some people, triggers an adverse immune response. Hay fever is a hypersensitivity to irritants that can cause symptoms such as congestion and itchy, watery eyes. Pollen is the leading cause of allergic rhinitis that is seasonal. Those symptoms are characteristic of allergy. Doral Health & Wellness is home to leading Allergologist and Dermatologist Brownsville.

 Decongestants

Decongestants long-term use might lead to a rebound effect when symptoms worsen after treatment is discontinued. Common over-the-counter decongestants are:

  • Oxymetazoline (Afrin nasal spray)
  • Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
  • Cetirizine with pseudoephedrine (Zyrtec),
  • Phenylephrine (Sudafed PE)

Consult your physician before taking a decongestant if you have a history of or are currently experiencing any health conditions: abnormal cardiac rhythm, heart disease, stroke, anxiety, sleep difficulty, elevated blood pressure, or urinary infections.

Antihistamines

Allergies can be treated with antihistamines. The body’s production of histamine is inhibited, resulting in relief.

Common non prescription antihistamines include:

  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Levocetirizine
  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Loratadine
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Desloratadine

Immunotherapy

If you suffer from severe allergies, your doctor may suggest immunotherapy, sometimes known as allergy shots. Combining this approach with medicine can help you manage your symptoms. The immune system’s reaction to allergens is gradually lowered with this type of shot. They do need patients to be willing to stick with a treatment program over the long haul.

The first step of any allergy shot plan is a gradual increase in dosage. For the first 3 to 6 months of treatment, you’ll visit an allergist once a week to receive an injection containing a little amount of allergen.

Throughout the maintenance stage, which lasts for three to five years, you’ll need to have allergy injections every 2 to 4 weeks. It could take more than a year into the maintenance phase before you see any results. At this stage, you may see a decrease in the severity of your allergy symptoms, if not a complete resolution.

An allergen in the shot can cause a life-threatening reaction in some people. In order to check for a severe or potentially fatal reaction, many allergists will have you wait in the clinic for 30 to 45 minutes following a shot.

 Tonics for the nose and eyes

Itching and other allergy symptoms can be temporarily alleviated with the use of artificial tears and nasal sprays. It may be necessary to refrain from prolonged usage of the product, nevertheless. Similarly, to the rebound effect seen with decongestant overuse, the use of some artificial tears and nose sprays in excess might have the same effect.

Inflammation and immunological responses are two areas where corticosteroids can be useful. These have no rebound effect. In order to effectively treat allergy symptoms over the long term, steroid nasal sprays are frequently used. They can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription or with one.

Ensure you are using the correct meds for your symptoms before beginning any allergy treatment plan by seeing your doctor. Your doctor can also advise you on whether or not a product is intended for short-term or long-term use.

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Our Dermatologist Brooklyn at Doral Health & Wellness is here to help if you’ve been experiencing persistent itching or sneezing due to allergens or if you’ve been experiencing severe discomfort in your eyes. One can use a bus, rail, or skyway to get to Doral Health & Wellness. Please call +1-347-384-5690 to schedule an appointment at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212.