Testicular Cancer: Symptoms and Risk Factors

Testicular cancer happens when a malignant cell develops in the tissues of one or both of your testicles. It can affect you at any age, but it is more common between ages 15 to 35 years old. You have two testicles, that are part of your male reproductive system. They are shaped like walnuts and are held together in a sac, called the scrotum. Your testicles store your sperm and make your male hormones called testosterone.

We have the best urologist in East New York at Doral Health and Wellness Urology Center. You can contact us by visiting our clinic or visiting our website at https://www.urologistbrooklyn.com.


If you have testicular cancer, you may notice several symptoms. Or sometimes, you won’t have any symptoms at all. And when you do, the symptoms could be caused by other medical conditions besides cancer.

Symptoms of testicular cancer can include:

  • Difference in appearance between the testicles
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen of your groin
  • Lower back pain
  • A feeling of pain or numbness in your scrotum
  • Buildup of fluid in your testicles
  • A painless lump in either of your testicles
  • Breast tenderness

If you notice any lump or firmness in your testicles, please see your doctor immediately to find out if it is a tumor. It is important to note that although not all changes could mean cancer, you won’t feel any pain when the first signs of testicular cancer manifest.

Risk Factors

Testicular cancer develops when the cells in your testicles grow uncontrollably. It is not possible to avoid the risk of developing testicular cancer, but it is best to catch it early. If you have an increased risk you should get tested regularly in the hopes of catching the disease early. Risk factors for testicular cancer can include:

  • Family history – you have an increased risk of developing testicular cancer if you have a parent or a sibling who had it. A particular inherited genetic condition can also increase your risk, such as Klinefelter Syndrome.
  • Age – testicular cancer is most common in ages between 15 and 35
  • Ethnicity – testicular cancer is more common in men with non-Hispanic origin in the United States and Europe
  • Undescended testicles – the testicles of a fetus form in the abdomen and drop into the scrotum before birth. When testicles don’t drop during birth, it is called undescended testicles and could require surgery. Being born with this condition could increase your risk of having testicular cancer
  • Infertility – more research is still needed to back this connection, but it is believed that some factors that cause infertility are also related to the development of testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is not preventable, but it is curable. It could be fatal but if caught and treated early, your survival rate is high. The earlier you see and receive a prognosis, the higher your chances are of being cancer-free.

Doral Health and Wellness – Urology Center offers the best urologists in Brooklyn.  We offer the most comprehensive approach towards wellness care and deliver the highest quality healthcare for the community. If you or your loved one is suffering from testicular cancer, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212 to book an appointment. You can also call us at 1-347-384-5690 or visit our website at http://www.urologistbrooklyn.com/ to book an appointment online.