Understanding the Causes of Dizziness: A Comprehensive Guide

Dizziness is a feeling of being off balance. It makes you feel like you are spinning even when you are not. This condition can occur for many reasons, but the most common cause for vertigo is a problem with the inner ear.

Dizziness/vertigo is not a condition, but rather a symptom of varying conditions.


There are two main types of vertigo.

  • Peripheral vertigo – This is the most common type of vertigo. This happens when you have a problem with your inner ear.
  • Central vertigo – This happens when you have a problem in the brain, caused by a variety of conditions such as stroke, brain tumor, migraine, brain injury or infection.


One of the most common symptoms of vertigo is dizziness, which worsens with a slight and sudden head movement. Most patients described the feeling of spinning, with the objects around them seemed to be moving too. Other symptoms of vertigo can include:

  • Vomiting
  • Feeling Nauseous
  • Headache
  • Loss of hearing
  • Loss of balance
  • Ringing or buzzing in the ears
  • Increased sweating

The symptoms can last for a few minutes to a few hours and may come and go.


The most common cause of vertigo is a problem in the inner ear. Some other causes can include:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – this triggers vertigo thru sudden head movement
  • Meniere’s disease – when there is an excessive fluid build-up in the inner ear
  • Vestibular neuritis – when the vestibular nerve is inflamed, it can cause vertigo
  • Labyrinthitis – when the inner ear labyrinth is inflamed or infected, it can cause vertigo. People with this condition often experiences headache, vision changes or hearing loss
  • Head or neck injury – vertigo is a common symptom after a traumatic injury to the head or neck
  • Medications – certain medications can also cause vertigo


Vertigo usually goes away on its own. However, there are several treatments that can help manage vertigo. These treatments will depend on several factors, including the underlying causes of vertigo. Some of the treatments can include:

  • Medication – if your vertigo is caused by an infection, the doctor may prescribe you antibiotics, or steroids as it can help with the inflammation
  • Canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) – if you have BPPV, canalith repositioning will help move the calcium deposit into an inner ear chamber
  • Vestibular rehabilitation – a physical therapy may help reduce the symptoms.
  • Surgery – when vertigo is caused by a serious underlying issue, such as brain tumor or neck surgery

Vertigo can come very suddenly and without warning. If you are experiencing prolonged or severe cases of vertigo, please consult with your medical provider immediately.

How to Manage Vertigo: Tips and Techniques

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