What is Acute Valvular Disease

 

This refers to a condition that causes dysfunction of a heart valve. The disease can affect any heart valve, but the aortic and mitral valves are particularly vulnerable. Top Cardiologist Brooklyn is where you want to go if you’re experiencing cardiac issues. Cardiologist Brooklyn may order an electrocardiogram (EKG) and other tests if he or she suspects heart trouble in case you have symptoms. 

Where does valvular heart disease come from? 

Congenital (present at birth), infectious, degenerative (deteriorates with age), and associated (also causes another form of heart disease) diseases all contribute to the development of valvular cardiac illness. 

  • The inner part of the heart can become infected, causing endocarditis. There is a risk that the infection will lodge itself on the valves of the heart and cause leaflet damage. Endocarditis and cardiac valve damage can also be caused by intravenous drug usage. 
  • If you get strep throat and don’t get antibiotics, you could end up with a rheumatic disease. Scar tissue of the valves of the heart may result from the infection. Although strep infections are the primary factor of valve disease in the world, they are uncommon in the USA due to prompt antibiotic treatment.  
  • Congenital heart valve disease refers to abnormalities of the valves of the heart, like the absence of a leaflet. Bicuspid aortic valves, which only have two leaflets instead of three, are the most frequent type of congenital abnormality involving a heart valve. 
  • Alternative forms of cardiac disease: 
  • The dangers of hypertension 
  • Weak heart. If your heart is pumping sufficient oxygenated blood to your body’s tissues, you have heart failure 
  • Hardening of the arteries in the aorta, particularly near the heart. Plaque formation inside a blood vessel is called atherosclerosis. Cholesterol, calcium, and fat all combine to form plaque 
  • Myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack) can weaken the valve’s opening and shutting muscles 
  • Aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is a dilation or enlargement of the artery near its connection to the heart 
  • Atypical: autoimmune disorders like lupus 
  • Heart valves may be affected by Marfan syndrome, a disorder of the connective tissue 
  • Calcium buildup on the valve could be caused by exposure to high levels of radiation 
  • As we get older, our heart valves can accumulate calcium deposits, making them stiff, bulky, and less effective 

Heart valve disease symptoms may not appear for years in some patients. The following symptoms may present themselves: 

  • Pressure in the chest 
  • Murmurs in the heart upon auscultation 
  • Fatigue 
  • Swelling of the abdomen  
  • Ankle and foot swelling 
  • Breathing difficulties, especially during physical exertion or rest 
  • Fainting 
  • Dizziness 
  • Disturbed cardiac rhythm 

Identifying the Right Time to Visit the Doctor 

If you have symptoms that may be related to heart valve problems, you should consult a physician immediately. It is possible that your primary care physician will refer you to a cardiologist if you have a cardiac murmur. 

The Cardiologists at Doral Health and Wellness are widely regarded as industry leaders. Heart Specialist Brooklyn is able to deliver accurate diagnoses, collect in-depth patient histories, and create tailor-made treatment programs for each of his patients because of his considerable training and expertise in the field. During the consultation and therapy sessions, family members are encouraged to voice any concerns or issues they may have. If you or someone you know is having health, surgical, or cardiovascular issues, you should look into Doral Health & Wellness at Brooklyn, New York 11212, at 1797 Pitkin Avenue. Call 1-347-384-5690 to arrange a consultation.