Who is an Otolaryngologist/ENT Surgeon?

CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) data sets report that in 2010, there were over 20 million visits to otolaryngologists in the United States. ENTs have been a part of primary care since 1896, making otolaryngology one of the oldest medical specialties in the United States. 

Your allergies and sinus issues, speech and breathing, hearing and balance problems, head and neck cancer, sleep disorders, and even plastic surgery on your face- these are just a few of the many diseases that “ENT” (ear, nose, and throat) specialists treat. Professionally called “otolaryngologists” (pronounced: oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jists) they are more commonly called “ENT.” 

What exactly is the E(ear) N(nose) T(Throat) region? 

EAR– The ear has three parts,  

  • The visible part -is the outer ear/pinna.  
  • The middle ear/tympanic cavity and  
  • The inner ear.  

Your ears are not only important for identifying sound, but they also manage your balance and body position. 

NOSE-The nose is the organ responsible for respiration and your sense of smell.  

Made up of  

  • The external meatus- a septum dividing the nostrils.  
  • The turbinates and nasal passages (turbinates are responsible for trapping impurities and dust particles from the air you breathe in). 
  • The sinuses (found surrounding the nose, are air-filled passages responsible for speech, air purification, temperature regulation, protection of your delicate brain cells, and much more.  

THROAT-The throat is a tube (of muscle and cartilage) connecting your mouth to the stomach and your nose to your lungs. The throat consists of  

  • The Larynx/ voice box (produces sound) 
  • The pharynx (the connection between nose and lungs & mouth and stomach)  
  • The epiglottis (cartilage that acts as a ‘lid’ to protect the food from entering your lungs and vice versa)
  • The adenoids and tonsils (are part of your immune system) 

The ENT region also includes your mouth and oral cavity and thyroid glands. 

What Do ENTs Treat? 

ENT specialists are trained to treat diseases in any of these areas: 

Ear (otology) 

  • Infections in the ear, 
  • Hearing difficulties,  
  • Dizziness, 
  • Ringing in the ears (called tinnitus),  
  • Pain in the ear, and more. 

Nose (rhinology) 

  • Allergies,  
  • Deviated septum & nasal obstruction correction procedures,  
  • Rhinitis (infection in your nose),  
  • Sinusitis (sinus infections),  
  • Sinus headaches and migraines,  
  • Tumors (including those inside the brain and the base of the skull), and more. 

Throat (laryngology) 

  • Sore throat,  
  • Hoarseness of voice, 
  • Speech defects  
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),  
  • Infections,  
  • Tumors of the throat, airway, vocal cords, and more. 

Head and Neck/Thyroid 

  • Cancers of the head and neck 
  • Swellings on your neck,  
  • Thyroid disorders (such as tumors, Grave’s disease, goiter), and more. 

Sleep— ENT specialists treat  

  • Breathing and sleep disorders, 
  • Nasal and airway obstruction, 
  • Snoring and  
  • Sleep apnea, and more. 

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery—ENT specialists in facial plastic surgery deal with  

  • Facial trauma and injury, 
  • Birth defects,  
  • Cleft palates and lips, 
  • Drooping eyelids,  
  • Hair loss,  
  • Deformities in your face,  
  • Paralysis of the facial muscles,  
  • Head and neck cancer reconstruction, and  
  • Cosmetic surgery of the face. 

Pediatrics—ENT specialists treat 

  •  Birth defects,  
  • Developmental delays like speech problems,  
  • Ear infection,  
  • Tonsil and adenoid infection,  
  • Breathing problems (asthma and allergy), and more. 

When should you see an otolaryngologist? 

It’s a good idea to see an otolaryngologist when you have: 

  • Frequent episodes of allergies, nasal congestion, or sinus pressure  
  • Recurring infections in your sinus, nose, or ears 
  • Repeated episodes of dizziness (vertigo) 
  • Hearing loss 
  • Hoarseness or wheezing that doesn’t go away 
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • A lump in your face or neck  
  • Sleep disorders, such as snoring or sleep apnea 

Learn More about ENT 

To learn more about your ENT problems, contact Doral Health & Wellness online or call our offices at 718-DORAL-55. At Doral Health and Wellness, we have doctors that can help you manage your condition. For more information, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, 11212, or call us at 1-347-384-5690. You can also visit our website at https://doralhw.org or contact us at info@doralhw.org if you have any queries.