Endometriosis is a common female reproductive problem that affects an estimated ten percent of American women between the ages of 25 to 40. It is a condition that affects the uterus. This happens when the tissue lining of the uterus called endometrial tissue, grows in other places outside the uterus like the ovaries, pelvic area, or the bowel.

 

During the menstrual cycle, the hormones cause the endometrium to change. Estrogen causes the endometrium to thicken to nourish the embryo during conception. If there is no pregnancy, estrogen is produced in smaller amounts and more of progesterone is made. This then causes the endometrial lining to shed and cause menstrual flow. Fertility problems could also arise along with this condition.

 

SYMPTOMS

 

When you have endometriosis, you might notice some of these signs and symptoms, which can include:

· Severe menstrual cramps

· Pain when pooping or peeing, especial during the menstrual period

· Heavy bleeding during menstrual period

· Pain during menstrual period

· Blood in the stool or urine

· Diarrhea and/or constipation

· Painful and uncomfortable feeling during sexual intercourse

· Infertility or having trouble getting pregnant

· A feeling of tiredness that won’t seem to go away

 

CAUSES

 

Causes for endometriosis are still unknown, but some theory suggested that it could be because during menstruation some of the tissue travels back up into the fallopian tube in a sort of reverse menstruation and where the tissues attach back and grow.

 

Your gene could also play a role in this condition. If you have a close family member, like your mom or sister, that has endometriosis, then you would probably get it too. Some research shows that it tends to get worse from generation to generation.

 

DIAGNOSIS

 

If your gynecologist suspects that you have endometriosis, they can request for a pelvic exam, imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, MRI or CT scan and biopsy to confirm and be positive in their diagnosis.

 

TREATMENT

 

There is no known cure for endometriosis, but treatments usually include surgery or medication to make sure that your condition will be addressed immediately. Treatments can include:

· Pain medicine – your doctor can recommend you take an over-the-counter pain reliever to relieve your pain.

· Hormone therapy – this method can help you manage the amount of estrogen your body produces. But it can also stop your medication altogether.

· Surgery – your gynecologist can also suggest that you undergo an operation to take out as much of the affected tissue as possible.

 

STAGING OF ENDOMETRIOSIS

 

This staging or classification has been developed by the American Society of Reproduction Medicine to:

· Stage 1: Minimal

· Stage 2: Mild

· Stage 3: Moderate

· Stage 4: Severe

 

This staging system will be based on the location, amount, or size of endometrial tissue.

 

TREATMENT

 

Treatments for endometriosis will likely depend on your:

· Overall health

· Medical history

· Symptoms

· Tolerance to specific medication

 

Treatment for endometriosis will include:

· Pain medication

· Hormone therapy

· Surgery – there are different types of surgery used to help treat endometriosis, which includes laparoscopy, laparotomy, and hysterectomy.

 

COMPLICATIONS

 

Severe endometriosis pain can affect the way you are living your life. It can also cause anxiety and depression in some women. Endometriosis can also increase your risk of having ovarian cancer or any type of cancer associated with the endometrium.

 

Endometriosis and Fertility – this condition is one of the leading causes of infertility in the United States, it affects about five million women who are in their 30s and 40s. this condition interferes with the reproductive organs and your ability to get pregnant as it can block the sperm from making its way to the fallopian tube. It can also prevent your fertilized egg from sliding down from your fallopian tubes down to the uterus.

 

Remember, your doctor can help you get the care you need. If you are looking for a gynecologist that you can trust, you can book your appointment at Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center. At Doral Health and Wellness – Women’s Health Center, we provide women with quality health care services. Our specialists aim to deliver the highest quality of healthcare. We work with our patients in diagnosing and formulating treatment plans for their condition. To book an appointment, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, NY, or call us at 347-955-3465. You can also visit our website at http://www.gynecologistbrooklyn.com/