Diabetes is a disease that stays with you for your entire life. It has no cure. Treatment can help you to control its symptoms. Researchers have found that type 2 diabetes affects people in stages. So, it is recommended that you start taking the treatment earlier to manage your diabetes.  

If you can manage the symptoms in the initial stages of diabetes you might be able to maintain good health throughout your life. But for that, you need to learn the stages of diabetes.  

So, what are the stages of diabetes? Read this article to find out.  

Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. It affects the insulin hormone that controls the blood sugar level. It attacks the pancreas gland that produces insulin hormone making it produce no or very less insulin which is unable to control the blood sugar levels and results in high blood sugar levels in the body. 

If blood sugar levels keep rising for a long time, it can lead to serious health issues such as damaged blood vessels, cardiovascular diseases like heart diseases or stroke, kidney failure, obesity, eye problems, nerve damage, etc.  

Even though there is no cure for diabetes, if you start your treatment in the initial stages, you can be able to stop its symptoms and above mention diabetic complications.  

4 stages of type 2 diabetes 

According to US-based research in 2018, type 2 diabetes happens in 4 stages. That makes it easier for doctors and people to diagnose the stages of diabetes and give treatment accordingly.  

These are the 4 stages of type 2 diabetes: 

  1. Molecular stage (insulin resistance) 
  1. Biochemical cardiometabolic risk (prediabetes) 
  1. Biochemical disease (type 2 diabetes) 
  1. Vascular complications (type 2 diabetes with complications)
  1. Molecular stage (insulin resistance): In this stage of diabetes, body parts start resisting the insulin hormone which makes it harder to provide glucose to different body parts, organs, and cells. To cope with this problem, the pancreas starts releasing more insulin hormones, to make sure blood glucose levels stay within range.  
  1. Biochemical cardiometabolic risk (prediabetes): In this stage of diabetes, your cells become so resistant to insulin that extra insulin is not able to control the blood sugar levels (within the normal range). Even in some cases, people develop beta cell dysfunction in the body. The blood sugar level starts to stay on the rise and this stage is also known as the prediabetes stage.  
  1. Biochemical disease (type 2 diabetes): This is the stage where the body becomes fully resistant to insulin and blood sugar levels rise which leads to type 2 diabetes. Also, beta cell dysfunction plays a significant role in increasing blood sugar levels. If you don’t start taking treatment at this stage, you might develop dangerous diabetic complications after some time.  
  1. Vascular complications (type 2 diabetes with complications): This is the last stage of type 2 diabetes, where complications start showing up. As blood sugar levels stay high for a long time, they start damaging your vascular system, which leads to complications like:  
  • Chronic kidney disease 
  • Heart failure 
  • Stroke 
  • Peripheral neuropathy 
  • Coronary artery disease 
  • Albuminuria 

All these stages of type 2 diabetes make a full framework which is called dysglycemia-based chronic disease.  

Want to know which diabetes management plan is best for you?  

Call us on 718-DORAL-55 to book an appointment with our Diabetologist.

How to take care?  

Once you develop diabetes, there is no cure available right now. But if you follow these steps, it will help you control your diabetes for a better life.  

  • Medications: This is the first and the most crucial step you should follow. Take the medication at the right time. Do not skip them. Ask the doctor which type of diabetes medication is best for you to take. Insulin injections, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, or other drugs help to manage your blood sugar levels. They can also help to maintain your cholesterol levels, blood pressure, keep your heart healthy, and help to reduce the chances of developing further complications.  
  • Changes in your diet: This is necessary because one of the reasons behind diabetes is your diet. So, dietary changes as recommended by your doctor need to be followed strictly. It will help you to maintain your blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and your cholesterol levels. You must eat a diet that is focused on whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Limit your intake of these foods or avoid eating them: 
  • Sugar and sugar-based products 
  • Salt  
  • Saturated fat 
  • Trans fat 
  • Changes in your lifestyle: You need to make many lifestyle changes so that you control your diabetes. Like regular checkups of your blood sugar levels, blood pressure, or cholesterol levels to keep a check on them, must get regular physical activity or exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, avoid drinking alcohol, stop smoking and taking drugs, etc.  

These are the steps you need to follow to maintain your blood sugar levels.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can happen to anyone in this world. So, it is important that you maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle so that you can prevent diabetes and other diseases. Once in 6 months take a blood sugar test, to keep a check on your blood sugar levels. 

 If you are diagnosed with diabetes, don’t waste time going to the doctor and start taking treatment to avoid further complications and manage your diabetes to ease your life.  

So, what are you waiting for? Contact us now to learn how you can ease your life despite Diabetes.