Who Is An Endocrinologist?

Humans have over  8 major glands throughout their body and over 50 hormones that work in coordination to carry out many vital functions. Hormone imbalances can impact your health, but an endocrinologist can help you manage these imbalances & improve your quality of life.  

Endocrinologists are specially trained doctors who diagnose and manage diseases of your glands and hormones.  

Endocrinologists undergo Multidisciplinary training in specialties including: 

  • Pediatrics (Growth disorders & endocrine diseases in children)  
  • Gynecology (For hormonal disturbances and associated diseases like PCOS, infertility, period disturbances, and Menopause) 
  • Surgery (For management of pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal tumors operatively) 
  • With radiologists, radiotherapists, and nuclear medicine specialists (for diagnostic imaging techniques relevant to endocrinology) 
  • With oncologists for cancers of the endocrine system. 

What diseases does an Endocrinologist treat? 

Disturbed hormonal balance can cause issues and health problems all over the body. Some of the most common are: 

  • Diabetes: Diabetes develops when the pancreas doesn’t make enough of a hormone called insulin or it doesn’t work as it should. Insulin is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels. Any functional errors in Insulin lead to excess blood sugar levels that can lead to long-term damage to your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. 
  • Thyroid disorders: The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck that produces triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) — that regulate blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and metabolism. It also makes calcitonin, which helps regulate calcium in your body. Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones and Hyperthyroidism occurs when it creates too many hormones. 
  • Low testosterone levels: In men, low levels of testosterone can cause erectile dysfunction. It can also cause memory and concentration problems, changes in muscle strength, low sex drive, low sperm counts, and infertility.  
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): It is the most common hormonal disorder found in women of reproductive age. An imbalance in estrogen levels causes women to have irregular periods, abnormal hair growth, acne, weight gain, and infertility.
  • Obesity: Obesity is a disease caused due to excess and disproportionate fat distribution in the body. There are some hormone imbalances such as hypothyroidism or Cushing’s syndrome (High cortisol levels) which can cause unusual weight gain. 
  • Osteoporosis: When ovaries don’t produce enough estrogen, bones become brittle and weak. Although it is more common in women, men sometimes have osteoporosis due to an overactive parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism).

How common are these conditions?

  • Diabetes: Almost 34 million people (about twice the population of New York) in the U.S. are living with diabetes, which equals about 10.5% of the country’s population and 27% have prediabetes. The American Diabetes Association states that over 6.2 million Americans are living with undiagnosed diabetes.  
  • Thyroid disorders: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) estimates that 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease and up to 60 percent of those with thyroid disease are unaware of their condition. Women are about five times more likely than men to develop the condition. 
  • Obesity: The CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) 2017 reports claims that all 50 states have an obesity rate of over 30%. Over 17 percent of American kids in the age range of 2 to 19 have obesity. That’s more than 12.7 million American children! 
  • PCOS: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder found in 30-70% of women of reproductive age and is associated with irregular periods, excessive hair, and risk of infertility.  
  • Osteoporosis: 8 million women (And 2 million men) have osteoporosis in the United States, and over 44 million Americans have osteopenia (low bone density). One in two women and up to one in four men will have stress fractures of the spine, hip, pelvis, and wrist in their lifetime.  

At Doral Health & Wellness Our team of endocrinologists excels in diagnosing and treating endocrine imbalances, diseases, and rare endocrine cancers, enabling patients to lead a healthy life. 


Have questions or need a second opinion? At Doral Health and Wellness, we have doctors that can help you manage your condition. For more information, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, 11212, or call us on 1-347-384-5690. You can also visit our website at https://doralhw.org or contact us at info@doralhw.org if you have any queries.